Categories
Past Lives of Jesus Reincarnation

Melchizedek as a Past Life of Jesus Christ

Another incarnation of Jesus is the Old Testament figure known as Melchizedek, the High Priest and King of Salem. It is clear from the Book of Hebrews that Melchizedek was not an ordinary man, assuming he even was a man. A careful examination of the evidence concerning the existence of Melchizedek reveals him to be a previous reincarnation of Jesus. There are strong parallels between Melchizedek and Jesus: both are the Son of God, priest of the Order of Melchizedek, King of Righteous, King of Peace, the Messiah, appointed by God, eternal priesthood, and pre-existent. Besides the Biblical evidence, there exists evidence from the discoveries of early Christian texts in 1945 and the Dead Sea Scrolls in 1947. There is also extra-Biblical revelations that support this Melchizedek-Jesus connection.

Table of Contents

  1. Identical Characteristics of Melchizedek and Jesus
    a. Identical Sonship: Son of God
    b. Identical Order of High Priesthood: Melchizedek
    c. Identical Symbol of Rule: King of Righteousness
    d. Identical Right to Rule: Appointed by God
    e. Identical Title: King of Peace
    f. Identical Term of Priesthood: Eternal
    g. Identical in Likeness: Priest
    h. Identical Age: Pre-Existent
    i. Identical Association with: Abraham
    j. Identical Use of Ritualistic Symbols: Bread and Wine
    k. Identical Title: Anointed One, the Messiah
  2. Christian Gnosticism Affirms Jesus to be Melchizedek Reincarnated
  3. Dead Sea Scrolls Revealed the Messiah to be a Reincarnation of Melchizedek
  4. NDEs of Edgar Cayce Reveals Jesus to be Melchizedek Reincarnated

1. Identical Characteristics of Melchizedek and Jesus

a. Identical Sonship: Son of God

In the Bible, the only individuals who have the title of the “Son of God” are Jesus, Adam and Melchizedek:

ADAM: “…the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.” (Luke 3:38)
MELCHIZEDEK: “Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever.” (Hebrews 7:3)
JESUS: “The beginning of the gospel about Jesus Christ, the Son of God.” (Mark 1:1)

The Bible also states that Melchizedek was made in the image or likeness of the Son of God. This could be taken as the image of the son of God (the second in the trinity) or as the image of the begotten son of God, when the Lord took on a fleshly body. But they are one and the same:

JESUS: “…the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” (2 Corinthians 4:4)

JESUS: “You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 5:6)

Note: The word “order” is translated into Greek as “aphomoioo” which means: (a) a facsimile, (b) an exact copy or exact reproduction, (c) a duplicate.

JESUS: “And what we have said is even more clear if another priest like Melchizedek appears.” (Hebrews 7:15)

Note: The phrase “another priest like” is translated into Greek as “kata ten homoioteta” which means: (a) in every respect, (b) after the similitude of, (c) according to the likeness of, (d) a thing so like another as to be indistinguishable from it.

b. Identical Order of High Priesthood: Melchizedek

Melchizedek and Jesus have identical priesthoods.

MELCHIZEDEK: “He was priest of God Most High.” (Genesis 14:18)

MESSIAH: “You are a priest forever according to the order of Melchizedek.” (Psalm 110:4)

JESUS: “You are a priest forever, in the order [facsimile] of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 5:6)

Note: The word “facsimile” translated into Greek means: (a) an exact copy or exact reproduction, (b) duplicate.

Notice how Paul described a deep mystery concerning Jesus and Melchizedek but is reluctant to tell the uninitiated who are not ready for it:

MELCHIZEDEK and JESUS: “[Jesus] was designated by God to be high priest in the order of Melchizedek. We have much to say about this, but it is hard to explain because you are slow to learn. In fact, though by this time you ought to be teachers, you need someone to teach you the elementary truths of God’s word all over again. You need milk, not solid food! Anyone who lives on milk, being still an infant, is not acquainted with the teaching about righteousness. But solid food is for the mature, who by constant use have trained themselves to distinguish good from evil.” (Hebrews 5:10-14)

Paul indicates the Priest(s) of Order of Melchizedek were to last forever and that the system of priests through the Tribe of Levi would eventually come to an end. These men were chosen by God for the office. They would give sacrifices to God which symbolically atoned, or paid for the people’s sins. We see this principle at work very early in the story of Job:

MELCHIZEDEK: “After the Lord had said these things to Job, he said to Eliphaz the Temanite, ‘I am angry with you and your two friends, because you have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has. So now take seven bulls and seven rams and go to my servant Job and sacrifice a burnt offering for yourselves. My servant Job will pray for you, and I will accept his prayer and not deal with you according to your folly. You have not spoken of me what is right, as my servant Job has.’ So Eliphaz the Temanite, Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite did what the Lord told them; and the Lord accepted Job’s prayer.” (Job 42:7-9)

c. Identical Symbol of Rule: King of Righteousness

Melchizedek as the King of Righteousness:

MELCHIZEDEK: “To whom Abraham gave a tenth part of all, first being by interpretation King of Righteousness and after that also King of Salem, which is King of Peace. (Hebrews 7:2)

The Messiah as the King of Righteousness:

MESSIAH: “The days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will raise up to David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.” (Jeremiah 23:5)

Melchizedek, as the King of Righteousness, fulfilled this scepter promise:

MELCHIZEDEK: The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his.” (Genesis 49:10)

Jesus, as the King of Righteousness, fulfilled this scepter promise:

JESUS: “But about the Son he says, “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever, and righteousness will be the scepter of your kingdom.” (Hebrews 1:8)

d. Identical Right to Rule: Appointed by God

Jesus and Melchizedek’s priesthoods are similar because they did not depend upon genealogy as the Aaronic priesthood did. The human lineage of Jesus was from Judah – a tribe that Moses did not associate with the priesthood.

JESUS: “For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah, and in regard to that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.” (Hebrews 7:14)

Jesus Christ is a priest after the order of Melchizedek, not because he came from the right line, but because he comes as one who has indestructible life – the only one who can be an eternal priest! The priesthood of both is a royal priesthood. The priesthood of both is based on personality, not legality. Both are universal priesthoods for Gentile and Jew because the priesthood of Melchizedek was before the Law was given. Melchizedek illustrates an eternal priesthood of which the Jesus is the reality.

e. Identical Title: King of Peace

Melchizedek and Jesus are the Kings of Peace.

MELCHIZEDEK: “First, his name means “King of Righteousness”; then also, “King of Salem” means “King of Peace.” (Hebrews 7:2)

JESUS: “And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

Melchizedek is the “King of Peace” and Jesus is the “Prince of Peace.” Who could be King of Peace over Jesus?

f. Identical Term of Priesthood: Eternal

Melchizedek and Jesus are eternal priests.

MELCHIZEDEK and JESUS: “…like the Son of God he remains a priest forever.” (Hebrews 7:3)

MELCHIZEDEK and JESUS: “You [Jesus] are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 5:6)

Melchizedek and Jesus are priests forever with an unchangeable priesthood. This indicates they are the same priest – just different times.

g. Identical in Likeness: Priest

Melchizedek and Jesus are priests of God:

MELCHIZEDEK: “He was priest of God Most High.” (Genesis 14:18)

JESUS: “And it is yet far more evident if, in the likeness of Melchizedek, there arises another priest who has come.” (Hebrews 7:15-16)

Note: The translation of the word “likeness” into Greek is “homoios” which means: (a) after the similitude of. Therefore, Hebrews 7:15-16 does not mean Jesus is “similar to Melchizedek.” In context, it means Jesus IS Melchizedek. The proof of this can be found in another Bible verse where the word “equality” in Greek used for “likeness”:

“Who, being in very nature God, did not consider equality with God something to be grasped, but made himself nothing, taking the very nature of a servant, being made in human likeness.” (Philippians 2:6-7)

Point #1: Jesus was a human being:

“The Word became flesh.” (John 1:14)

Point #2: Jesus had a human nature:

“The gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David.” (Romans 1:2-4)

Conclusion:

(1) Jesus was more than just the likeness of Melchizedek.

(2) Jesus was Melchizedek.

Why would Jesus be compared to Melchizedek if his status was not equal to or greater than Jesus? He certainly would not be compared to anyone lesser than himself. This suggests that both Melchizedek and Jesus were of the same nature and of similar purpose and, therefore, the same person.

h. Identical Age: Pre-Existent

Melchizedek, the Messiah and Jesus are described as pre-existent (i.e. they existed before birth):

MELCHIZEDEK: “Without father or mother, without genealogy, without beginning of days or end of life, like the Son of God he remains a priest forever.” (Hebrews 7:3)

MESSIAH: “But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, out of you will come for me one who will be ruler over Israel, whose origins are from of old, from ancient times.” (Micah 5:2)

MESSIAH: “The Lord brought me forth as the first of his works, before his deeds of old; I was appointed from eternity, from the beginning, before the world began. When there were no oceans, I was given birth, when there were no springs abounding with water … Then I was the craftsman at his side. I was filled with delight day after day, rejoicing always in his presence, rejoicing in his whole world and delighting in mankind.” (Proverbs 8:22-31)

JESUS: “‘Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.’ ‘You are not yet fifty years old,’ the Jews said to him, ‘and you have seen Abraham?’ ‘I tell you the truth,’ Jesus answered, ‘before Abraham was born, I am!'” (John 8:56-59)

JESUS: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.” (John 1:1-2) “He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God.” (Revelation 19:13)

i. Identical Association with: Abraham

Both Melchizedek and Jesus were both associated with Abraham:

MELCHIZEDEK: Then Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. He was priest of God Most High, and he blessed Abraham, saying, ‘Blessed be Abraham by God Most High, Creator of heaven and Earth.’ (Genesis 14:18-19)

JESUS: “‘Your father Abraham rejoiced at the thought of seeing my day; he saw it and was glad.’ ‘You are not yet fifty years old,’ the Jews said to him, ‘and you have seen Abraham?’ ‘I tell you the truth,’ Jesus answered, ‘before Abraham was born, I am!'” (John 8:56-59)

Melchizedek and Jesus are one spirit who incarnated many times and who transcended death. They could enter and leave the world at will without having to go through birth and death.

JESUS: “Now there have been many of those priests, since death prevented them from continuing in office; but because Jesus lives forever, he has a permanent priesthood.” (Hebrews 7:23)

j. Identical Use of Ritualistic Symbols: Bread and Wine

Melchizedek’s offering of bread and wine to Abraham is the first incidence where bread and wine appear in the Scripture. Melchizedek provided a priesthood which gave the symbols of bread and wine. Jesus also provided a priesthood which gave the symbols of bread and wine:

MELCHIZEDEK: “And Melchizedek King of Salem brought forth bread and wine…” (Genesis 14:18)

JESUS: “While they were eating, Jesus took bread, gave thanks and broke it, and gave it to his disciples, saying, “Take and eat; this is my body.” Then he took the cup, gave thanks and offered it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you. This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many for the forgiveness of sins. I tell you, I will not drink of this fruit of the vine from now on until that day when I drink it anew with you in my Father’s kingdom.” (Matthew 26:26-29)

JESUS: “I am the bread of life. Your forefathers ate the manna in the desert, yet they died. But here is the bread that comes down from heaven, which a man may eat and not die. I am the living bread that came down from heaven. If anyone eats of this bread, he will live forever. This bread is my flesh, which I will give for the life of the world.’ ‘Then the Jews began to argue sharply among themselves, ‘How can this man give us his flesh to eat?’ ‘Jesus said to them, “I tell you the truth, unless you eat the flesh of the Son of Man and drink his blood, you have no life in you. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood has eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day. For my flesh is real food and my blood is real drink. Whoever eats my flesh and drinks my blood remains in me, and I in him. Just as the living Father sent me and I live because of the Father, so the one who feeds on me will live because of me. This is the bread that came down from heaven. Your forefathers ate manna and died, but he who feeds on this bread will live forever.” (John 6:48-59)

k. Identical Title: Anointed One, the Messiah

The Messiah is the “anointed one”:

MESSIAH and JESUS: “Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy.” (Psalm 45:6-7; Hebrews 1:8-9)

The Messiah and Melchizedek, by extension, are “anointed ones” priests of the Most High:

MESSIAH and MELCHIZEDEK: “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: ‘You [the Messiah] are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'” (Psalm 110:4)

Jesus is the “anointed one:”

JESUS: “Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? The kings of the Earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against his anointed one.” (Acts 4:25-26)

Note: The word “anointed” is translated into Greek as “chrio” which means: to contact between the one being anointed and the one doing the anointing. The Greek word “Christos” which is translated as “Christ” is derived from the Greek word “chrio”.

2. Christian Gnosticism Affirms Jesus to be Melchizedek Reincarnated

On December, 1945, in Upper Egypt, ancient texts revealing that the early Christians and Jews believed that Melchizedek was a previous reincarnation of Jesus the Messiah.

These long lost texts were discovered by an Arab peasant was digging in the ground in search of fertilizer when he discovered large jars containing books which have been buried since around 390 A.D. These books where hidden by monks from a nearby monastery to escape destruction under the order of the emerging orthodox Church in its violent expunging of all heresy. These texts were one of the greatest archaeological discovery ever discovered. It was only eclipsed by the Dead Sea Scroll discovery in Israel two years later in 1947. It is a strange coincidence that these ancient discoveries containing valuable information of early Jewish and Christian theology and history should appear around the same time.

This immensely important discovery in Egypt includes a large number of Christian Gnostic scriptures — texts once thought to have been entirely destroyed. Some of the scriptures discovered were the Gospel of Thomas, the Gospel of Philip, and the Gospel of Truth.

One of the Christian Gnostic texts discovered is entitled “Melchizedek“. The following quote is from this text. […] indicates missing fragments or illegible wording.

“And you crucified me from the third hour of the Sabbath – eve until the ninth hour. And after these things I arose from the dead. My body came out of the tomb to me. […] They did not find anyone greeted me […] They said to me, Be strong, Melchizedek, great High Priest of God Most High” (Melchizedek)

There is little doubt that this quote attributed to Melchizedek refers to him being crucified and resurrected. Commenting on the above text, noted authority Birger A. Pearson states:

“Furthermore, the tractate’s apparent identification of Melchizedek with Jesus Christ … is also documented elsewhere in early Christianity, particularly in Egypt. We are drawn to the conclusion that, in the revelation which the priest Melchizedek has received, he has seen that he himself will have a redemptive role to play as the suffering, dying, resurrected and triumphant Savior, Jesus Christ! … From what we read … it seems that the victory of Jesus Christ is the victory of Melchizedek and that, in fact, they are one and the same. I did and do understand the text of the first tractate to imply that Melchizedek was prophesied to return again, as Jesus.”

3. Dead Sea Scrolls Revealed the Messiah to be a Reincarnation of Melchizedek

In 1947, scrolls from the Jewish Essenes were discovered which affirmed that they believed Melchizedek would reincarnate as the Messiah.

These ancient scrolls of profound importance were discovered by young Bedouin shepherds, searching for a stray goat around the Dead Sea in Israel entered an undiscovered cave and found jars filled with ancient scrolls. The Dead Sea Scrolls were scrolls from a monastic group known as the Essenes, dated to be about two thousand years old. The Essenes were an apocalyptic Jewish sect who withdrew from society and established a monastery on the shores of the Dead Sea. It is believed that sometime during the Roman-Jewish war of 66-70 A.D. the Essenes hid their sacred writings.

The Essenes believed in the doctrine of pre-existence and reincarnation and appeared to have been influenced by Gnosticism. The Dead Sea Scrolls prove that the Jewish mystical tradition of divine union went back to the first, perhaps even the third, century B.C.

Biblical scholars were not disturbed by what they found in the Dead Sea Scrolls because they had known all along that the origin of Christianity was not what was commonly supposed to have been.

The first-century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus stated that the Pharisees were believers in reincarnation. Josephus has several long passages dealing with the reincarnation beliefs of both the Essenes and the Pharisees. Josephus writes that the Jews in their secret or esoteric doctrines called the Kabbalah taught reincarnation openly.

The caves where the Dead Sea Scrolls were found yielded a series of thirteen fragments on Melchizedek which identifies Melchizedek as the one who will carry out the vengeance of God’s judgments and the one who delivers the people from the hand of Belial and the spirits of his lot.

The belief that Melchizedek was the Messiah was a strongly held conviction among the Qumran community, as well as among some other Jewish and Gnostic sects in the first century A.D. This becomes apparent in the text entitled “The Last Jubilee” (Dead Sea Scroll: 11Q13, Column 2) about the coming of Melchizedek as the Messiah.

“The Last Jubilee” is a sermon within the “Melchizedek Texts” (also known as “I IQ Melchizedek Text” or ” I I Q Melchizedek”). The following is a summary of this sermon:

The Last Jubilee text refers in messianic terms to a future King of Righteousness. In the text, this King of Righteousness is described as passing judgment on Belial [Satan] and his followers. After the judgment in heaven comes the destruction of those who have followed Belial rather than God. The text states that “the one designed, by God’s favor, for the King of Righteousness (which is what, by his very name, Melchizedek prefigures) will come into his dominion.” The time of his coming “into his dominion” is identified as the period which Isaiah termed the year of favor or “acceptable year of the Lord” (“The Last Jubilee“)

The Biblical reference for this can be found in Isaiah 61:1-2:

“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon me; because the Lord has anointed me to bring good tidings to the afflicted, he has sent me to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim liberty to the captive, and the opening of the prison to those who are bound; to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor, and the day of vengeance of our God; to comfort all that mourn …” (Isaiah 61:1-2)

Jesus made his first appearance in Nazareth and spoke at the synagogue there, and the Book of Isaiah was handed to him. Luke 4:17-19 records that he then found and read the two verses quoted above but stopped after the phrase “acceptable year of the Lord.” Bible scholars concluded that by suspending reading without referring to God’s day of vengeance, Jesus was distinguishing between his present ministry of grace and the second advent when he would carry out God’s judgments. On the other hand, his stopping after that phrase may have been for the purpose of emphasis, for it truly was the “year of the Lord.”

After Jesus had concluded his reading, verse 21 adds:

“And he began to say unto them, ‘Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.'” (Luke 4:21)

Thus in Luke 4:21, Jesus seems to identify himself as the one promised by Isaiah “to proclaim the year of the Lord’s favor” when he said, “Today this scripture has been fulfilled in your hearing.” And the Melchizedek Texts from the Dead Sea Scrolls identify Melchizedek as the person who will fulfill that prophecy.

In the text “Commentary on the Book of Habakkuk,” the “Teacher of Righteousness” is referred to as one “to whom God has made known all the mysteries of His servants the prophets.” This Teacher of Righteousness was expected to return and usher in the Messianic Age and according to Jewish tradition to be Elijah or Phinehas or Melchizedek.

At least one respected Dead Sea Scroll authority stated that Jesus in these documents “appears in many respects as an astonishing reincarnation of the Teacher of Righteousness.”

The Qumran “Melchizedek Texts” contain several comments which seem clearly to identify the so-called “King of Righteousness,” a title referring to Melchizedek, as the promised Messiah. They discuss the role of this future King in overthrowing Belial and executing God’s avenging judgment and clearly state that this King will be “Melchizedek redivivus” (reincarnated). One scholar has summarized the document thusly:

“In this fragment, written in Hebrew, Melchizedek appears as an eschatological savior who has a heritage. His mission is to bring back at the end of days the exiles to announce to them their liberation … and the expiation of their sins.” (Melchizedek)

4. NDEs of Edgar Cayce Reveals Jesus to be Melchizedek Reincarnated

Edgar Cayce received volumes of information from his near-death experiences from a heavenly so-called “Hall of Records.” Much of the revelations he received concerned Jesus and his many incarnations including Adam and Melchizedek. Cayce received these revelations years before the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Christian Gnostic find. These discoveries agree with the Cayce revelations concerning Adam, Melchizedek and Jesus.

This parallel between Melchizedek and other incarnations from the ancient Christian Gnostic texts also supports the Cayce revelations that Enoch and Melchizedek were the same spirit. Cayce also provided the interesting revelation that the Dead Sea Essenes grew out of the teachings of Melchizedek as propagated by prophets, such as Elijah, Elisha, and Samuel. Cayce also identified Melchizedek as a previous incarnation of Jesus.

According to Cayce, it was necessary that the very advanced spirit of Melchizedek reincarnate in order to reach Christhood as Jesus. The Cayce revelations show us why the Master spirit again incarnated after the experience as Melchizedek:

“The Christ spirit incarnated as Adam, Enoch, Melchizedek, then took on flesh to teach and lead. After several more incarnations such as Joseph (prince of Egypt), the Christ spirit realized it was necessary to set a pattern for humanity and to show the way back to God. Thus, the Master spirit assumed the mission of through his final incarnation as Jesus. By resurrecting his body, he made the Jesus-Melchizedek priesthood eternal.” (Edgar Cayce)

This priesthood, according to the Encyclopedia Judaica‘s interpretation of Hebrews, “is excellent, superior to that of Abraham’s descent, and transcends all human, imperfect orders.”

In view of such evidence found in the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, the Christian Gnostic texts, the Dead Sea Scrolls and extra-Biblical sources such as Cayce, the early Christian veneration of Melchizedek and the rich Messianic tradition about him, Christians should in no way find it demeaning to link the soul of Melchizedek with that of Jesus. Certainly both individuals were important instruments of God, and each life marks an historic step in the spiritual evolution of humanity.

Categories
Past Lives of Jesus Reincarnation

Joshua as a Past Life of Jesus Christ

According to the Book of Exodus and the Book of Numbers, the Biblical character named Joshua is mentioned in a few passages as Moses’ assistant. Joshua is the central character in the Hebrew Bible’s Book of Joshua who became the leader of the Israelite tribes after the death of Moses. According to Bible Chronology, Joshua lived between 1500-1390 BCE, or sometime in the late Bronze Age. There several identical characteristics between Joshua and Jesus including: having the same name Hebrew name “Yehoshua” which means “Yahweh is salvation,” having the same role as leader of Israel, having the same mission of peace, having the same number of appointed men (twelve), and having the same representations of twelve stones for the appointed twelve.

Table of Contents

  1. Identical Name: Yehoshua, “Yahweh is Salvation”
  2. Identical Roles: Leader of Israel
  3. Identical Mission: Peace
  4. Identical Number of Appointed Men: Twelve
  5. Identical Representations: Twelve Stones
  6. Edgar Cayce’s View of Joshua as a Previous Incarnation of Jesus

1. Identical Name: Yehoshua, “Yahweh is Salvation”

The English name “Joshua” is a rendering of the Hebrew language “Yehoshua”, meaning “Yahweh is salvation”. The vocalization of the second name component may be read as Hoshea – the name used in the Torah before Moses added the divine name (Numbers 13:16). “Jesus” is the English of the Greek transliteration of “Yehoshua” via Latin. In the Septuagint, all instances of the word “Yehoshua” are rendered as “Iesous” which is the closest Greek pronunciation of the Aramaic “Yeshua” (Nehemiah 8:17). Thus in Greek Joshua is called “Jesus son of Nun” to differentiate him from Jesus Christ.

Note that “Joshua”, “Jeshua”, and “Jesus” are really the same name. That is, the name “Jesus” is a Latinization of the Aramaic Jeshua or Yeshua, which is in turn taken from the Hebrew Yehoshua, or Joshua. Thus, Jesus was named after the Old Testament hero.

2. Identical Roles: Leader of Israel

JOSHUA: “Because of you the Lord became angry with me also and said, “You shall not enter it, either. But your assistant, Joshua son of Nun, will enter it. Encourage him, because he will lead Israel to inherit it.” (Deuteronomy 1:37-38)

JESUS: “‘But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for out of you will come a ruler who will be the shepherd of my people Israel.‘” (Matthew 2:6)

3. Identical Mission: Peace

JOSHUA: “The men of Israel sampled their provisions but did not inquire of the Lord. Then Joshua made a treaty of peace with them to let them live, and the leaders of the assembly ratified it by oath.” (Joshua 9:14-15)

JESUS: “And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

4. Identical Number of Appointed Men: Twelve

a. Joshua appointed twelve men from each tribe:

“So Joshua called together the twelve men he had appointed from the Israelites.” (Joshua 4:4)

b. Jesus appointed twelve apostles:

“These are the twelve he appointed: Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter); James son of Zebedee and his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder); Andrew, Philip, Bartholomew, Matthew, Thomas, James son of Alphaeus, Thaddaeus, Simon the Zealot and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.” (Mark 3:16-19)

c. Jesus twelve apostles will judge the twelve tribes of Israel:

“Jesus said to them [twelve apostles], “I tell you the truth, at the renewal of all things, when the Son of Man sits on his glorious throne, you who have followed me will also sit on twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.” (Matthew 19:28)

d. Considering how families and friends tend to reincarnate together, perhaps the twelve apostles were reincarnations of the twelve rulers of the tribes of Israel.

5. Identical Representations: Twelve Stones

a. Joshua choose twelve men from each tribe and represented each one by a gemstone:

“The Lord said to Joshua, “Choose twelve men from among the people, one from each tribe, and tell them to take up twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan from right where the priests stood and to carry them over with you and put them down at the place where you stay tonight.” (Joshua 4:1-3).

Israel’s Twelve Tribal Leaders: “In the first row there shall be a ruby, a topaz and a beryl; in the second row a turquoise, a sapphire and an emerald; in the third row a jacinth, an agate and an amethyst; in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx and a jasper. Mount them in gold filigree settings. There are to be twelve stones, one for each of the names of the sons of Israel, each engraved like a seal with the name of one of the twelve tribes.” (Exodus 28:17-21).

1. Ruby2. Topaz3. Beryl
4. Turquoise5. Sapphire6. Emerald
7. Jacinth8. Agate9. Amethyst
10. Chrysolite11. Onyx12. Jasper
Gemstones in the Book of Exodus of the Twelve Tribes of Israel

b. Jesus choose 12 apostles with each apostle represented by a gemstone in the Book of Revelation:

“It had a great, high wall with twelve gates, and with twelve angels at the gates. On the gates were written the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. There were three gates on the east, three on the north, three on the south and three on the west. The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb … “The foundations of the city walls were decorated with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation was jasper, the second sapphire, the third chalcedony, the fourth emerald, the fifth sardonyx, the sixth carnelian, the seventh chrysolite, the eighth beryl, the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, the eleventh jacinth, and the twelfth amethyst.” (Revelation 21:12-20)

1. Jasper2. Sapphire3. Chalcendony (Agate)
4. Emerald5. Sardonyx (Onyx)6. Carnelian (Ruby)
7. Chrysolite8. Beryl9. Topaz
10. Turquoise11. Jacinth12. Amethyst
Gemstones in the Book of Revelation of the Twelve Apostles

c. The types of gemstones representing the 12 tribal leaders of Israel are the same as the 12 gemstones representing the 12 apostles but in different order:

If the top half of the matrix of the 12 tribal leaders is rotated by 180 degrees, and the bottom half turned upside down, with Onyx additionally swapping places with Topaz, the lists become extremely similar with only four differences. See this Wikipedia article.

6. Edgar Cayce’s View of Joshua as a Previous Incarnation of Jesus

Note that the Greek names for “Joshua”, “Jeshua”, and “Jesus” are really the same name. The name “Jesus” is a Latinization of the Aramaic “Jeshua” or “Yeshua,” which is in turn taken from the Hebrew “Yehoshua,” or Joshua. Jesus was named after the Old Testament hero Joshua. Edgar Cayce assigned the soul-entity of Jesus to the same name for three separate incarnations: Joshua, Jeshua, and Jesus. Cayce elsewhere reports that Jesus was registered by his Essene school under the name of “Jeshua” [Cayce Reading 2067-7].

The ides of Jesus as a reincarnation of Joshua is more difficult to account for given Joshua’s genocidal tendencies in securing a nation for the Israelites. In Glenn Sandurfur’s book entitled, “Lives of the Master: The Rest of the Jesus Story,” (page 110), he makes an interesting observation that the lives of Jesus and Joshua followed remarkably similar paths geographically: including memorable stops at Jericho/the Jordan, Hazor/Capernaum, and Aijalon/Emmaus. But unlike Joshua, Jesus did not fear entering the city of Jerusalem. Sandurfur’s explanation is that Jesus met his previous karma by healing people in those very places where Joshua had killed.

Cayce viewed Joshua as a member of a family who produced many spiritual teachers [Cayce Reading 1737]; and also as the scribe named Jeshua, who psychically dictated much of the material from the books traditionally attributed to Moses [Cayce Reading 5023-2]. This explains how Moses could have managed to include such details as the creation of the universe and his own death. The readings give little information about Asaph, the music director and seer who served under David and Solomon and who authored Psalms 50, and Psalms 73 through 83. Jeshua, the high priest who helped organize the return from exile and the rebuilding of Solomon’s Temple (as recounted in the Book of Ezra and the Book of Nehemiah) is claimed by Cayce to have compiled and translated the books of the Bible [Cayce Reading 5023-2]. If these characters, as Cayce describes them, have anything in common, it is their role as psychic revelators. In line with his speculations about Jesus’ fulfillment of Joshua’s karma. Glenn Sandurfur (Lives of the Master, p. 129) notes that whereas Jeshua made a point of rejecting Samaritan generosity (towards the rebuilding of the temple). Jesus centered a parable around it.

Categories
Past Lives of Jesus Reincarnation

Joseph as a Past Life of Jesus Christ

Another past life of Jesus apparently is Joseph, the son of Jacob and Rachel in the Old Testament. Joseph is an important figure in the Book of Genesis and also in Islam’s Quran. Joseph’s father was Jacob, the grandson of Abraham. Jacob fathered twelve sons from whom have sprung the Twelve Tribes of Israel. Because of this, Jacob’s name was later changed to Israel. Joseph was Rachel’s firstborn and Jacob’s eleventh son. Of all the sons, Joseph was preferred by his father, and this is represented by a “long coat of many colors.” When Joseph was seventeen years old he had two dreams that made his brothers plot his demise. In the first dream, Joseph and his brothers gathered bundles of grain, of which those his brothers gathered, bowed to his own. In the second dream, the sun (father), the moon (mother), and eleven stars (brothers) bowed to Joseph himself. These dreams, implying Joseph’s supremacy, angered his brothers who sold him into slavery. But Joseph rose to become the second most powerful man in Egypt next to Pharaoh, where his presence and office caused Israel to leave Canaan and settle in Egypt. Joseph, the Hebrew Prince of Egypt, has some of the most interesting parallels to the life of Jesus suggesting Joseph was a previous incarnation of Jesus. In Judaism, the Messiah was thought of as the “son of Joseph” (Messiah ben Joseph) as well the “son of David” (Messiah ben David).

Jewish tradition actually alludes to four messianic figures. Called the “Four Craftsmen” discussed in the Babylonian Talmud, each will be involved in ushering in the Messianic age. They are mentioned in the Talmud and the Book of Zechariah (Zechariah 2:1-17). Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (aka “Rashi”) in his commentary on the Talmud gives more details. His commentaries which covers nearly all of the Babylonian Talmud has been included in every edition of the Talmud since its first printing. Rashi explains that Messiah ben Joseph is called a craftsman because he will help rebuild the temple. Nahmanides also commented on Messiah ben Joseph’s rebuilding of the temple.The roles of the Four Craftsmen are as follows. Elijah will be the herald of Jewish eschatology. If necessary, Messiah ben Joseph will wage war against the evil forces and die in combat with the enemies of God and Israel. According to Saadia Gaon the need for his appearance will depend on the spiritual condition of the Jewish people. In the Sefer Zerubbabel and later writings, after his death a period of great calamities will befall Israel. God will then “resurrect the dead” and usher in the Messianic Era of universal peace. Messiah ben David will reign as a Jewish king during the period when God will resurrect the dead. With the ascendancy of Rabbinic Judaism the Righteous Priest (Melchizedek) has largely not been the subject of Jewish messianic speculation. Most Jews believe that the Third Temple will be built during this era.

Table of Contents

  1. Parallels Between the Lives of Joseph and Jesus
  2. Scriptural Comparisons Between Joseph and Jesus
  3. Edgar Cayce Affirmed Joseph and Jesus were Different Incarnations of the Same Soul

1. Parallels Between the Lives of Joseph and Jesus

The following are the amazing parallels between Joseph and Jesus which suggests a karmic link between them and another past life connection of Jesus.

Jesus and Joseph were both born through miracles. Jesus through the virgin birth (Matthew 1:18-23) and Joseph through Rachel’s barren womb which was opened by God (Genesis 30:22-24).

Joseph’s father loved him more than his brothers. Jesus is the beloved son and preferred one of the Father.

Both are described in the Bible to be very pious men who received revelations from God. The Bible records no sin in the life of either Joseph or Jesus.

Jesus and Joseph both went to Egypt in their youth. Both began their life’s work at the age of thirty (Genesis 41:46, Luke 3:23). This parallel was noted by Origen in his Homilies on Genesis (II,5).

The course of the lives of Joseph and Jesus were dramatically changed by the power of dreams. Joseph became an interpreter of his own dreams and the dreams of others which he used to save everyone’s life including his own. It was also a dream which led Jesus’ earthly father, Joseph, to flee Israel for their lives to Egypt. In the same way, it was a dream of Joseph while acting as prince of Egypt which led his family out of Israel and into Egypt. After the danger was over, God called both Joseph’s family and Jesus’ family out of Egypt and back to Israel as an act of salvation. (Hosea 11:1 and Matthew 2:15).

Joseph and Jesus were hated because of their greatness. Joseph had a dream which made it clear that he would rule over his brothers some day and for this they hated him:

“Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers, they hated him all the more. He said to them, Listen to this dream I had: We were binding sheaves of grain out in the field when suddenly my sheaf rose and stood upright, while your sheaves gathered around mine and bowed down to it. His brothers said to him, Do you intend to reign over us? Will you actually rule us? And they hated him all the more because of his dream and what he had said.'” (Genesis 37:5-8)

Jesus encountered the same reaction from his brothers and everyone in town. After preaching in his own hometown, Jesus received the following response:

“Isn’t this the carpenter’s son? Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon and Judas? Aren’t all his sisters with us? Where then did this man get all these things? And they took offense at him. But Jesus said to them, Only in his hometown and in his own house is a prophet without honor.” (Matthew 13:55-57)

While the religious leaders were rejecting Jesus, even some of Jesus’ own family rejected him. In John 7:5, his own brothers asked Jesus for more signs because:

“Even his own brothers did not believe in him.” (John 7:5)

But ultimately, Joseph and Jesus attained great authority and inspired confidence in those around them. When the famine arrived and the grain ran out in Egypt, the Pharaoh told the Egyptians:

“Go to Joseph and do whatever he tells you.” (Genesis 41:55)

Likewise, Jesus’ mother told the servants at the marriage feast in Cana to do what Jesus tells them to do when the wine runs out:

“Do whatever he tells you.” (John 2:5)

Joseph miraculously gave bread to the people around him because he received God’s revelation which saved the people from dying during the famine. Jesus miraculously gave bread to the people around him because he received God’s revelation which saved the people from the spiritual famine.

Joseph and Jesus were both sent by their fathers to their brothers who hated them and rejected their claim to preeminence. In the seventh chapter of Acts in the New Testament, the martyr Stephen gives a speech before he is stoned to death. In it, Stephen draws a parallel between Joseph and Jesus:

“The patriarchs, jealous of Joseph, sold him into Egypt; but God was with him, and rescued him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favor and wisdom before Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who made him governor over Egypt and over all his household. Now there came a famine throughout all Egypt and Canaan and great affliction and our fathers could find no food. But when Jacob heard that there was grain in Egypt, he sent forth our fathers the first time. And at the second visit Joseph made himself known to his brothers, and Joseph’s family became known to Pharaoh. And Joseph sent and called to him Jacob his father and all his kindred, seventy-five souls.” (Acts 7:9-14)

The purpose of Stephen’s speech was to show how the enemies of Jesus were jealous of him in the same way that Joseph’s brothers were jealous of him. This theme of jealousy is also used in three other places in Acts and they always describe the jealousy of the apostle’s opponents due to the success of the apostle’s gathering around them more people who become believers. (see Acts 5:17, Acts 13:45, Acts 17:5).

Because of envy, Joseph’s brothers conspired to kill Joseph:

“So Joseph went after his brothers and found them near Dothan. But they saw him in the distance, and before he reached them, they plotted to kill him. ‘Here comes that dreamer!’ they said to each other. ‘Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns and say that a ferocious animal devoured him. Then we’ll see what comes of his dreams.’ (Genesis 37:18-19)

In the same way, the religious leaders hated Jesus because through his actions and words demonstrated that he was greater than them. Jesus’ claims to come from heaven, be greater than Abraham, have God as his own Father, and be the one of whom Moses wrote about, caused hatred and envy which caused them to conspire to kill him:

“Then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, whose name was Caiaphas, and they plotted to arrest Jesus in some sly way and kill him.” (Matthew 26:3-4)

Joseph was sold into Egypt on the advice of his brother Judah. Jesus was handed over to the Romans by the hand of his disciple Judas.

Joseph did not utter a word to his brothers when they sold him. Jesus did not utter a word to the judges when they judged him.

Joseph asked the imprisoned chief cup bearer not to forget him when he is released and reinstated at court. He said:

“Be sure to remember me when things go well for you.” (Genesis 40:14)

In the same words, the thief on the cross said in karmic fashion to Jesus:

“Remember me when you come into your kingdom.” (Luke 23:42)

One could even extend this parallel to include the fact that Jesus was bearing the “cup” which his Father gave him to drink in the same way the cup bearer did for the Pharaoh.

Two other prisoners were with Joseph suffering the same punishment. Two other prisoners were with Jesus suffering the same punishment. In Joseph’s case, it is written: “Two other prisoners were with Joseph suffering the same punishment.” Two other prisoners were with Jesus suffering the same punishment. In Joseph’s case, it is written:

“After they had been in custody for some time, each of the two men – the cupbearer and the baker of the king of Egypt, who were being held in prison – had a dream the same night, and each dream had a meaning of its own.” (Genesis 40:4-5)

The two prisoners told Joseph their dreams for which Joseph interpreted. As a result of these two dreams, death would come to one of the prisoners but release and exaltation for the other. In Jesus’ case, it is written that:

“Two robbers were crucified with him, one on his right and one on his left.” (Matthew 27:38)

As it was in Joseph’s case, one prisoner would be condemned while the other prisoner would be released and find salvation:

“One of the criminals who hung there hurled insults at him, ‘Aren’t you the Christ? Save yourself and us!’ But the other criminal rebuked him, ‘Don’t you fear God,’ he said, ‘since you are under the same sentence? We are punished justly, for we are getting what our deeds deserve. But this man has done nothing wrong.’ Then he said, ‘Jesus, remember me when you come into your kingdom.’ Jesus answered him, ‘I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in paradise.'” (Luke 23:39-43)

In persecution, Jesus and Joseph were stripped of their robes and placed in a pit for three days where they ultimately arose victorious to be great princes and became exalted by God for their great suffering. In the pre-Christian apocryphal Jewish text called “Testament of Joseph,” Joseph’s suffering is described in a way that could easily apply to Jesus as well:

“My brothers hated me but the Lord loved me. They wanted to kill me but the God of my fathers preserved me. Into a cistern they lowered me, the most High raised me up. They sold me into slavery, the Lord of all set me free. I was taken into captivity, the strength of His hand set me free. I was overtaken by hunger, the Lord Himself fed me generously. I was alone and God came to help me. I was in weakness and the Lord showed His concern for me. I was in prison and the Savior acted graciously on my behalf. I was in bonds and He loosed me. Falsely accused, and He testified on my behalf. Assaulted by bitter words of the Egyptians, and He rescued me. A slave, and He exalted me.” (Testament of Joseph 1:4-7)

Both Joseph and Jesus were persecuted because of false witnesses. The wife of Potiphar bears false witness against Joseph before the members of her household and before her husband (Genesis 39:14-19). Witnesses falsely accused Jesus before the Sanhedrin (Matthew 26:60-62, Mark 14:55-59) and before Pilate (Matthew 27:12-14, Mark 15:3-5). Joseph went to prison because of the false witnesses. Jesus went to hell after being crucified because of false witnesses. The words “prison” and “hell” are often used interchangeably in the Bible.

Joseph becomes a model of sexual purity in the early Church as found in the early Christian apocryphal texts of the Protevangelium of James and the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew. They record how Jesus’ earthly father, Joseph, was falsely accused of having had sexual relations with the virgin Mary before their marriage and how he was arrested by the religious authorities and forced to submit himself to a test to prove his purity. In the same way, Joseph refused the sexual advances of Potiphar’s wife and this made him a model of the sexual purity praised by many Church Fathers such as Origen who wrote:

“Joseph, refused to give in to passion, despite the entreaties and threats of the one who was legally his mistress Joseph preferred prison to the loss of his chastity.” (Against Celsus IV,46).

In this sense, Joseph is shown as a man who resisted the seduction of a woman and reversing the karmic debt for the sin of Adam who was tempted by Eve. Origen credited Joseph’s ultimate rule over Egypt to Joseph’s mastery over his own body:

“Joseph, whom no sensual passion was able to vanquish, became lord and master of all Egypt,” (Homilies on Genesis XV,3)

Joseph, the earthly father of Jesus, was also seen as a model of this same purity as was the virgin Mary whose purity reversed the karmic transgression of Eve thereby attaining perfection as a mother.

Joseph’s brothers smeared his robe with goat’s blood in order to blame Joseph’s demise on wild animals. On the day of Jesus’ death, it was Passover and a goat is sacrificed for the atonement of sins.

Both Joseph and Jesus were men among many brothers who rejected them but was saved by God and raised to be the judge of their brothers. This same theme can be found in Jesus’ parable of the murderous tenants in the vineyard. It is a parable which can be found in all three synoptic gospels. The parable is an important key to understanding how Jesus’ rejection and death is to be understood (see Matthew 21:33-46, Mark 12:1-11, Luke 20:9-19). In the parable, evil men plot to kill the son of the vineyard owner, saying:

“This is the heir; come let us kill him and the inheritance will be ours.” (Matthew 21:38, Mark 12:7, Luke 20:14).

These words are even similar to the words of Joseph’s brothers when they plotted to kill Joseph:

“Come now, let’s kill him and throw him into one of these cisterns” (Genesis 37:20)

Both were sold for the price of a slave. Joseph was sold for 20 shekels of silver and Jesus was sold for 30 pieces. Both were assigned with two other prisoners. Church Father Tertullian (145-220 AD) wrote explicitly about the parallels between Joseph and Jesus and their suffering:

“Joseph himself was made a figure of Christ in this point alone, that he suffered persecution at the hands of his brethren, and was sold into Egypt on account of the favor of God. Likewise, Christ was sold by Israel according to the flesh, by his brethren, when he is betrayed by Judas.” (Tertullian 7,10)

In the Treatises of Aphrahat the Persian, a Father of the Syriac tradition, stated: Joseph persecuted is the image of Jesus persecuted (Treatises of Aphrahat the Persian 21,9).

The stories of Joseph and Jesus are both a kind of “rags to riches” story. Joseph was brought out of the pit and prison to be exalted to the Pharaoh’s right hand:

“Then Pharaoh said to Joseph, Since God has made all this known to you, there is no one so discerning and wise as you. You shall be in charge of my palace, and all my people are to submit to your orders. Only with respect to the throne will I be greater than you. So Pharaoh said to Joseph, I hereby put you in charge of the whole land of Egypt. Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his finger and put it on Joseph’s finger. He dressed him in robes of fine linen and put a gold chain around his neck. He had him ride in a chariot as His second in command.” (Genesis 41:39-41)

Jesus was brought out from the pit after death and exalted to the Father’s right hand:

“And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself and became obedient to death – even death on a cross! Therefore God exalted him to the highest place and gave him the name that is above every name, that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on Earth and under the Earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.” (Philippians 2:8-11)

Forgiveness and reconciliation are the major aspects concerning the lives of both Joseph and Jesus. Caesarius of Arles, in his Sermon XC, drew this parallel between Joseph and Jesus:

“He [Joseph] embraced them one by one and shed tears over each one of them. Watering the neck of each one of them, who feared him, he washed away the hate of his brothers by the tears of his love.” (Caesarius of Arles XL,4).

The actual Bible verse referred to here is Genesis 45:14 when Joseph’s dramatic revealing of his true identity to his brothers and their reconciliation and his forgiveness is the dramatic climax of the story of Joseph:

“Do not be distressed and do not be angry with yourselves for selling me here, because it was to save lives that God sent me ahead of you … So then, it was not you who sent me here, but God … Then he threw his arms around his brother Benjamin and wept, and Benjamin embraced him, weeping. And he kissed all his brothers and wept over them. Afterward his brothers talked with him.” (Genesis 45:5-14)

In a similar vein, Jesus was revealed as the Son of God while on the cross when he forgives his brothers:

“Father, forgive them for they know not what they do.” (Luke 23:34)

When Mary announced Jesus’ resurrection to the disciples, they didn’t believe it:

“But these words seemed to them an idle tale and they did not believe them.” (Luke 24:11)

Likewise, Joseph’s father is unbelieving when his sons announce to him that Joseph is alive:

“But he was as one stunned for he did not believe them.” (Genesis 45:26)

When Joseph’s father finally did see Joseph, he stated he is now ready to die:

“Now I can die, now that I have seen you again, and seen you still alive.” (Genesis 46:30)

The same thing was said by Simeon the Elder, awaiting the Messiah in the Temple when he meets Jesus and recognized him as the long awaited Messiah. He exclaimed:

“Lord, let your servant now depart in peace according to your word. My eyes have seen your salvation.” (Luke 2:29-30)

The brothers of Joseph recovered his bones from Egypt and brought them to the Promised Land. God the Father of Jesus resurrected his body from Hades and brought him to heaven.

Even more interesting parallels between Joseph and Jesus can be found at this website.

2. Scriptural Comparisons Between Joseph and Jesus

(1) Both were miraculously born (Joseph: Genesis 30:22-24) (Jesus: Matthew 1:18-23)

(2) Both were a shepherd of his father’s sheep (Joseph: Genesis 37:2) (Jesus: John 10:11-14)

(3) Both were most beloved sons (Joseph: Genesis 37:3) (Jesus: Matthew 3:17)

(4) Both were hated for no good reason (Joseph: Genesis 37:4) (Jesus: John 15:25)

(5) Both had brothers who rejected him (Joseph: Genesis 37:5-8) (Jesus: John 7:4-5)

(6) Both were given visions of the future (Joseph: Genesis 37:6-7) (Jesus: Matthew 24:3)

(7) Both were hated for their teachings (Jospeh: Genesis 37:8) (Jesus: John 7:7)

(8) Both were rebuked by their earthly parents because they didn’t understand why they treated their parents the way they did (Joseph: Genesis 37:10) (Jesus: Luke 2:48-50)

(9) Both were hated because of their brothers’ jealousy (Joseph: Genesis 37:11) (Jesus: Matthew 27:17-20)

(10) Both were stripped of their robes (Joseph: Genesis 37:23) (Jesus: Matthew 27:28)

(11) Both descended into a pit (Joseph: Genesis 37:24) (Jesus: Matthew 12:40)

(12) Both were betrayed by the advice of Judah (Judas), one of the Twelve (Joseph: Genesis 37:26-27) (Jesus: Matthew 26:14)

(13) Both were betrayed for the price of a slave (Joseph: Genesis 37:28) (Jesus: Matthew 26:15)

(14) Both were taken into Egypt to avoid being killed (Joseph: Genesis 37:28) (Jesus: Matthew 2:13)

(15) Both gained the confidence of others quickly (Joseph: Genesis 39:3) (Jesus: Matthew 8:8)

(16) Both became a servant (Joseph: Genesis 39:4) (Jesus: Philippians 2:6-7)

(17) Both resisted the most difficult of temptations (Joseph: Genesis 39:6-9) (Jesus: Hebrews 4:15)

(18) Both were persecuted because of false witnesses (Joseph: Genesis 39:14-19) (Jesus: Matthew 26:60-62)

(19) Both were silent before their accusers (Joseph: Genesis 39:20-21) (Jesus: Mark 15:4-5)

(20) Both were condemned with two other prisoners (Joseph: Genesis 40:1-3) (Jesus: Luke 23:32)

(21) Both received the same punishment as the two other prisoners (Joseph: Genesis 40:2-4) (Jesus: Luke 23:33)

(22) Joseph asked one of the other prisoners to “remember him” when he is released and reinstated to Pharaoh. Jesus had one of the other prisoners ask to “remember him” when he is released and reinstated to the Kingdom of God (Joseph: Genesis 40:12-14) (Jesus: Luke 23:42)

(23) Both had one of the two other prisoners with them released and exalted (Joseph: Genesis 40:20-22) (Jesus: Luke 23:39-43)

(24) Both of their lives were changed by the power of dreams (Joseph: Genesis 41:15) (Jesus: Matthew 2:19-20)

(25) Both were taught by God (Joseph: Genesis 41:15-16) (Jesus: John 5:19)

(26) Both miraculously gave bread to hungry people who came to him (Joseph: Genesis 41:17-36) (Jesus: Mark 6:41)

(27) Both were filled with the Spirit of God (Joseph: Genesis 41:38) (Jesus: Luke 4:1)

(28) Both became exalted by God for their great suffering (Joseph: Genesis 41:39-40) (Jesus: Matthew 28:18)

(29) Both arose into a new life (Joseph: Genesis 41:41) (Jesus: Mark 16:6)

(30) Both began their ministry at the age of thirty (Joseph: Genesis 41:46) (Jesus: Luke 3:23)

(31) Both were not recognized by their own brothers (Joseph: Genesis 42:8) (Jesus: Luke 24:36-37)

(32) Both tested people to reveal their true nature (Joseph: Genesis 42:8-17) (Jesus: Mark 11:28-30)

(33) Both forgave the people who wanted to kill them (Joseph: Genesis 45:3-14) (Jesus: Luke 23:34)

(34) Both loved people unconditionally (Joseph: Genesis 45:15) (Jesus: Matthew 5:43-45)

(35) Both had people who refused to believe they were not dead (Joseph: Genesis 45:26) (Jesus: Luke 24:9-11)

(36) Both returned to their father (Joseph: Genesis 46:29) (Jesus: Mark 16:19)

(37) Both had someone state they could die now that they saw them (Joseph: Genesis 46:30) (Jesus: Luke 2:25-32)

(38) Both arose victorious to be great princes (Joseph: Genesis 49:26) (Jesus: Isaiah 9:6)

(39) Both returned good for evil (Joseph: Genesis 50:17-20) (Jesus: Luke 6:27)

(40) Both of their families were called out of Egypt and back to Israel as an act of salvation (Joseph: Hosea 11:1) (Jesus: Matthew 2:14-15)

3. Edgar Cayce Affirmed Joseph and Jesus were Different Incarnations of the Same Soul

Edgar Cayce identified Joseph, the son of Jacob, as one of the incarnations of the Jesus-entity soul. According to Cayce, Joseph’s escape from the pit was not only a literal event, but a symbolic anticipation of Jesus’ resurrection. In John Van Auken‘s excellent article entitled “Toward a Universal Christ” he wrote:

Edgar Cayce asked us, “What will you do with this man Jesus of Nazareth Jeshua of Jerusalem, Joshua in Shiloh, Joseph in the court of Pharaoh, Melchizedek as he blessed Abraham, Enoch as he warned the people, Adam as he listened to Eve?” In a reading for a person who had both Jewish and Christian training and was wrestling to decide which religion he preferred, the Source of Cayce’s readings asked, “Have you not found that the essence, the truth, the real truth is ONE? Mercy and justice; peace and harmony. For without Moses and his leader Joshua (that was bodily Jesus) there is no Christ. Christ is not a man. Jesus was the man; Christ the messenger; Christ in all ages, Jesus in one, Joshua in another, Melchizedek in another; these be those that led Judaism! These be they that came as the child of promise, as to the children of promise; and the promise is in you, that you lead as He has given you: Feed my sheep.” (John Van Auken)

Categories
Past Lives of Jesus Reincarnation

David as a Past Life of Jesus Christ

Jesus asked his disciples the following question: “Who do people say the Son of Man is?” (Matthew 16:13-16). The disciples’ reply was that people were saying he was one of the Old Testament prophets such as Elijah or Jeremiah. The nature of Jesus’ question, and his disciples’ reply, reveals the question was assumed to be one about who the people were saying Jesus was in a past life. His disciples knew this and so they gave a reincarnational answer. And Jesus made no comment against the popular belief in reincarnation and his question sealed it with his approval. Belief in reincarnation during the time of Jesus was almost universal including in all the so-called pagan religions. Nowhere in the New Testament is reincarnation denied, disputed or questioned. If reincarnation was a false doctrine it would almost certainly have been denounced in the same harshest terms as idolatry, sorcery and evil throughout the entire Bible. Instead, as we have seen, reincarnation is referenced throughout the Bible and taught by Jesus.

More evidence of reincarnation as a teaching of Jesus can be found in the belief systems of the early Judeo-Christians. One group, known as the Ebionites, believed the Holy Spirit had incarnated first as Adam and later as Jesus. Other early Judeo-Christians, such as the Elkasaites and Nazarenes, also believed this. In the Clementine Homilies, an early Judeo-Christian document, also taught of Jesus having many previous incarnations. The Jewish sect of Samaritans in Jesus’ day, believed the spirit of Adam had reincarnated as Seth, Noah, Abraham, and Moses. Even today, Orthodox Judaism teaches reincarnation (gilgul).

All human beings are participating in an evolving, reincarnational, perfecting process toward sanctification and holiness. In the Epistle to the Hebrews, it states that Jesus himself, as a human being, also needed perfecting and it was through his suffering on the cross which accomplished this (Hebrews 2:10, Hebrews 5:9). This implies Jesus himself had enduring the perfecting process of past lives, and the biblical evidence shows this. One of those past lives is King David (1000 BC) who was anointed the king of Israel and Judah. David conquered Jerusalem, took the Ark of the Covenant into the city, and established the Kingdom there. David is mentioned in the prophetic Hebrew literature as an ideal king and Messiah. The Hebrew word translated as “Messiah” comes from the Hebrew noun meaning “the anointed one.” In the First Book of Samuel, the young shepherd David is anointed King (“Messiah”) of Israel (1 Samuel 16:1,10-13). In the Second Book of Samuel, the dying King David is called “the anointed (“Messiah”) of the God of Jacob (2 Samuel 23:1). As we will see, the Hebrew Bible is filled with references of David as God’s first Messiah and references of Jesus as the reincarnation of David.

Table of Contents

  1. Whose Son is the Messiah?
  2. David and Jesus as Firstborn, Seed, Root, Melchizedek, Savior
  3. David Will Be Reincarnated in the Last Days
  4. More Evidence of David as a Past Life of Jesus

1. Whose Son is the Messiah?

In Jewish eschatology, the Messiah also came to refer to a future Jewish king from the Davidic line who will be the king of God’s kingdom and rule the Jewish people during the Messianic Age. In Judaism, he is referred to as “Messiah ben David,” which means “Messiah, son of David.” Belief in the eventual coming of a future Messiah is a fundamental part of Judaism and Christianity. The early Church believed the life of David foreshadowed the life of Christ; Bethlehem is the birthplace of both; the shepherd life of David points out Christ the Good Shepherd; the five stones chosen to slay Goliath are typical of the five wounds on Christ; the betrayal by his trusted counselor, Achitophel, and the passage over the Cedron remind us of Christ’s sacred Passion. Many of the Davidic Psalms, as we learn from the New Testament, are clear references to Jesus. In the Gospel of Luke, the archangel Gabriel informs the Virgin Mary she will give birth to Jesus whom God will give the throne of “his father David.”

“You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.” (Luke 1:31–33)

The “Son of David” is a clear title of the Messiah is the New Testament (See also Matthew 1:1; Matthew 15:22; Mark 10:47). Jesus confounded the religious leaders who were persecuting him by asking them a question about the son of David:

“While the Pharisees were gathered together, Jesus asked them, ‘What do you think about the Messiah? Whose son is he?‘ ‘The son of David,’ they replied. He said to them, ‘How is it then that David, speaking by the Spirit, calls him ‘Lord’? For he says, ‘The Lord said to my Lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I put your enemies under your feet.’ If then David calls him ‘Lord,’ how can he be his son?‘ No one could say a word in reply, and from that day on no one dared to ask him any more questions.” (Matthew 22:41-45, See also Mark 12:35-37; Luke 20:41-44)

In the above verse, Jesus references David’s Psalm 110:

“The Lord says to my lord: ‘Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.'” (Psalm 110:1)

Although Jesus doesn’t give us the answer to his question on how the Messiah can be David’s son when David calls him “lord,” we already know the answer. Jesus knew that he himself, as the Messiah, was not a genetic son of David because he was the only “begotten son of God” — the title given to the soul whom God first gave to David:

David as God’s only begotten son: “I will declare the decree: The Lord has said to me, ‘You are my son, today I have begotten you.'” (Psalm 2:7)
Jesus as God’s only begotten son: “For God so loved the world that He gave His only begotten son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish but have everlasting life.” (John 3:16)

Jesus’ human father, Joseph, was a genetic descendant of David; but because Jesus was not a genetic descendant of Joseph — and therefore not of David — the only way he could be the “son of David,” David’s “lord,” and God’s “only begotten son” would be if David’s soul was a past life soul of Jesus.

2. David and Jesus as Firstborn, Seed, Root, Melchizedek, Savior

And as the “only begotten son,” both David and Jesus are said to be the “firstborn” of God:

David as firstborn of God: “I have found My servant David; with My holy oil I have anointed him, with whom My hand shall be established; also My arm shall strengthen him… He will call out to me, ‘You are my Father, my God, the Rock my Savior.’ And I will appoint him to be My firstborn, the most exalted of the kings of the earth.” (Psalm 89:20, 26-27)
Jesus as firstborn of God: “And again, when God brings his firstborn into the world, he says, ‘Let all God’s angels worship him.'” (Hebrews 1:6; See also Romans 8:29, Colossians 1:15-18, Hebrews 12:22-23, Revelation 1:5)

In the gospels and in Paul’s epistles, the soul (spirit) is metaphorically referred to as a “seed” (See Matthew 13:24-30; 1 Peter 1:23). God promised David that his “seed” and throne would be established forever to all generations suggesting his “seed” would be his reincarnation:

The seed of David established with David: “I have made a covenant with My chosen, I have sworn to my servant David: ‘Your seed I will establish forever, and build up your throne to all generations.'” (Psalm 89:3-4)
The seed of David established with Jesus: “Has not the Scripture said that the Christ comes from the seed of David and from the town of Bethlehem, where David was?” (John 7:42)

An even more direct reference to the soul of Jesus as a reincarnation of the soul of David is the Messianic title “Root of Jesse.” Jesse was the father of David and a direct descendant from Judah, Jacob, Isaac and Abraham. So “Root of Jesse” is the literal son of Jesse, who is David himself. Isaiah the prophet, whose ministry was active hundreds of years after David’s death from 740 BC to 698 BC, prophesied of a “Branch” which will rise from the “Root of Jesse” (David) of whom “the Spirit of the Lord will rest on him” during a time when “the wolf will live with the lamb.” The apostle Paul confirms that Isaiah’s prophesy applies to Jesus:

Root of Jesse anointed Messiah: “Now the Lord said to Samuel, “How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? Fill your horn with oil, and go; I am sending you to Jesse the Bethlehemite. For I have provided Myself a king (David) among his sons.” (1 Samuel 16:1)
Messiah as Branch from “Root of Jesse”:A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit… In that day the Root of Jesse (David) will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his resting place will be glorious.” (Isaiah 11:1,10)
Jesus as One from the “Root of Jesse”: “And again, Isaiah says, ‘The Root of Jesse (David) will spring up, one who will arise to rule over the nations; in him the Gentiles will hope.'” (Romans 15:12)

Again, because Jesus was not the genetic descendant of David, he could only be the “Root of Jesse” if his soul was a reincarnation of David who WAS a genetic descendant of Jesse. And genetic ancestry is critical in Judaism. In the Book of Revelation, Jesus is also referred to as the “Root of David” (Revelation 5:5) which is also a Messianic title. Concerning the “shoot” and “Branch” rising from the “Root of Jesse,” as previously mentioned, the gospels and epistles use the metaphor of a “seed” for the soul (Matthew 13:24-30; 1 Peter 1:23). From the seed arises the “shoot” — the “resurrected” body — which we’ve already made the case is the reincarnated soul in a new body (a fetus). The prophet Jeremiah, whose ministry was active from 626 BC until 587 BC, like the prophet Isaiah, also prophesied of a future “Branch” — another Messianic reference to Jesus — whom God will one day “raise up” (reincarnate) as King to rule after the Jews are brought back to their homeland from all the nations:

“‘The days are coming,’ declares the Lord, ‘when I will raise up for David a righteous Branch, a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right in the land.” (Jeremiah 23:5)

Another connection between David and Jesus is their “Priesthood of Melchizedek.” Melchizedek was a king and priest appearing in the Book of Genesis whose name means “King of Righteousness” — a name echoing kingly and priestly functions. He is the first individual to be given the title of “priest” in the Hebrew Bible. The majority of Chazalic literature attributes the primary character of the following Psalm as King David who was a “righteous king” of Salem (Jerusalem) and, like Melchizedek, had certain priest-like responsibilities:

David as “priest of Melchizedek”: “The Lord has sworn and will not change his mind: ‘You (David) are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.'” (Psalm 110:4)
Jesus as “priest of Melchizedek”: “We have this hope as an anchor for the soul, firm and secure. It enters the inner sanctuary behind the curtain, where our forerunner, Jesus, has entered on our behalf. He has become a high priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek.” (Hebrews 6:19-20)

As we will also see, there is also biblical evidence of Jesus, and therefore David, as having a past life as Melchizedek. Other Messianic titles shared between David and Jesus include “King of Israel,” “King of Righteous,” “Servant of the Lord,” and “Shepherd.” In Psalm 22, David also demonstrated his ability as a prophet when describing — in uncanny detail — the experience of Jesus on the cross:

My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?… (v.1) But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by everyone despised by the people… (v.6) All who see me mock me; they hurl insults… (v.7) ‘He trusts in the Lord,’ they say, ‘let the Lord rescue him’… (v.8) From birth I was cast on you; from my mother’s womb you have been my God… (v.10) Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me… (v.12) I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint… (v.14) My heart has turned to wax; it has melted within me… (v.14) My mouth is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth… (v.15) You lay me in the dust of death… (v.15) Dogs surround me, a pack of villains encircles me… (v.16) They pierce my hands and my feet… (v.16) All my bones are on display… (v.17) People stare and gloat over me… (v.17) They divide my clothes among them and cast lots for my garment… (v.18) For he (God) has not despised or scorned the suffering of the afflicted one… (v.24) He has not hidden his face from him but has listened to his cry for help (v.24) (Psalm 22:1-24)

3. David Will Be Reincarnated in the Last Days

The prophet Hosea‘s ministry was active just before the destruction of Israel in 722 BC — several hundred years after the death of King David. Hosea prophesied that “in the last days” Israel will be restored and King David himself will rule over them:

“For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or household gods. Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the Lord their God and David their King. They will come trembling to the Lord and to his blessings in the last days.” (Hosea 3:4-5)

Note that Israel was established as a Jewish nation in 1948, and they are still awaiting their Messiah — as Christians are awaiting the return of Christ. The implication is that Jesus, as the reincarnation of David, will rule at that time.

The prophet Ezekiel (622-570 BC) prophesied incessantly for five years and acted out the destruction of Jerusalem and its temple several hundred years after the death of David. Like Hosea, Ezekiel prophesied the future return of the Jews to Israel and the reincarnation of David himself to rule them:

“I will bring them out from the nations and gather them from the countries, and I will bring them into their own land… I will place over them one shepherd, My servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. I the Lord will be their God, and My servant David will be prince among them. I the Lord have spoken.” (Ezekiel 34:13, 23-24)

In Part 6 of my article on Reincarnation in the Bible, in Ezekiel’s “vision of the Valley of the Dry Bones” in Chapter 37, Ezekiel described the entire nation of Israel reincarnating in the last days and King David himself reincarnating to rule over them:

I will make them one nation in the land, on the mountains of Israel. There will be one king over all of them and they will never again be two nations or be divided into two kingdoms. They will no longer defile themselves with their idols and vile images or with any of their offenses, for I will save them from all their sinful backsliding, and I will cleanse them. They will be my people, and I will be their God. My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd. They will follow my laws and be careful to keep my decrees.” (Ezekiel 37:22-24)

The prophet Jeremiah was a contemporary of Ezekiel whose prophetic ministry was active from 626 BC until after the fall of Jerusalem and the destruction of Solomon’s Temple in 587 BC. During that time, Babylon conquered Jerusalem and began taking Jews as captives to Babylon. Jeremiah prophesied that the Jews would be scattered from their homeland and persecuted; but God would protect them from total destruction and one day return to their homeland. He also prophesied a day when Israel will no longer be enslaved by foreigners and God would “raise up” King David himself to rule over them:

“This is the word that came to Jeremiah from the Lord: ‘This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: ‘Write in a book all the words I have spoken to you. ‘The days are coming,’ declares the Lord, ‘when I will bring my people Israel and Judah back from captivity and restore them to the land I gave their ancestors to possess… In that day,’ declares the Lord Almighty, ‘I will break the yoke off their necks and will tear off their bonds; no longer will foreigners enslave them. Instead, they will serve the Lord their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.'” (Jeremiah 30:1-3; 8-9)

Notice also Jeremiah 30:9 says that King David himself will be “raised up” (reincarnated) sometime after Israel is restored. As previously mentioned, “raised up” is a reference to reincarnation. Notice also that even if we assume a corpse resurrection interpretation, Jeremiah says it will be King David himself who will be “raised up.” From this information, we can conclude that the so-called “Second Coming” of Jesus will actually be the “Third Coming” of King David assuming Jesus and King David were the same soul. See also Jeremiah 23:5-6 and Jeremiah 33:15-16 for more support.

The prophet Zechariah began his ministry in the second year of Darius, king of Persia (520 BC), about sixteen years after the beginning of the Jews returning to Israel from their Babylonian exile and hundreds of years after the death of David. Jeremiah prophesied of a future time when all the nations of the world will be against Jerusalem causing God to destroy all Israel’s enemies and establish the House of David (the Davidic line of kingship):

“I am going to make Jerusalem a cup that sends all the surrounding peoples reeling. Judah will be besieged as well as Jerusalem. On that day, when all the nations of the earth are gathered against her, I will make Jerusalem an immovable rock for all the nations. All who try to move it will injure themselves… On that day the Lord will shield those who live in Jerusalem, so that the feeblest among them will be like David, and the house of David will be like God, like the angel of the Lord going before them. On that day I will set out to destroy all the nations that attack Jerusalem. And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son.” (Zechariah 12:2-3; 8-10)

The “Angel of the Lord” (in Hebrew “Messenger of Yahweh“) is an entity appearing 65 times in the Old Testament on behalf of God (Yahweh). In some instances it is made clear that the reference is to an appearance of Yahweh himself rather than a separate entity acting on his behalf. The Angel of the Lord is identified by the early Church Fathers, such as Justin Martyr and Tertullian, as the pre-incarnate Christ whose appearance is recorded in the Old Testament. Zechariah’s prophecy reveals it will be a reincarnation of the “house of David” (David himself) — the Angel of the Lord (Jesus), the one who was pierced, who will save Israel in the latter days.

4. More Evidence of David as a Past Life of Jesus

The following biblical comparisons show David and Jesus as having the same identity. Both are “the most exalted king of the Earth”:

David as the most exalted king of the Earth: “I have found My servant David; with My holy oil I have anointed him, with whom My hand shall be established; also My arm shall strengthen him…. He will call out to me, ‘You are my Father, my God, the Rock my Savior.’ And I will appoint him to be My firstborn, the most exalted of the kings of the Earth.” (Psalm 89:20, 26-27)
Jesus as the most exalted king of the Earth: “On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written: King of Kings and Lord of Lords.” (Revelation 19:16)

Both David and Jesus are “the Holy One”, the Messiah:

David as the “Holy One”: “For our shield belongs to the Lord, and our king to the Holy One of Israel. Then You spoke in a vision to your Holy One, and said: ‘I have given help to one who is mighty; I have exalted one chosen from the people. I have found My servant David; with My holy oil I have anointed him”. (Psalm 89:18-20)
Jesus as the “Holy One”: “Simon Peter answered him, ‘Lord, to whom shall we go? You have the words of eternal life. We have come to believe and to know that you are the Holy One of God.'” (John 6:68-69) (See also Mark 1:24; Luke 4:34)

David said God would not leave his soul in Sheol, nor allow God’s “Holy One” to see corruption:

“I have set the Lord always before me; because He is at my right hand I shall not be moved. Therefore my heart is glad, and my glory rejoices; my flesh also will rest in hope. For you will not leave my (David’s) soul in Sheol, nor will You allow your Holy One (Messiah) to see corruption.” (Psalm 16:8-10)

The above Psalm of David corresponds with the Acts of the Apostles where Peter revealed Jesus to be a past life of David during his sermon at Pentecost when he explained how Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of David concerning how God would not leave David’s soul, as Jesus, in Sheol:

For David says concerning him (Jesus): ‘I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for He is at my right hand, that I may not be shaken. Therefore my heart rejoiced, and my tongue was glad; moreover my flesh also will rest in hope. For you will not leave my soul in Hades, nor will you allow your Holy One to see corruption. You have made known to me the ways of life; You will make me full of joy in Your presence.’ Men and brethren, let me speak freely to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead and buried, and his tomb is with us to this day. Therefore, being a prophet, and knowing that God had sworn with an oath to him that of the fruit of his body, according to the flesh, he would raise up the Christ to sit on his throne, he, foreseeing this, spoke concerning the resurrection of the Christ, that his (Jesus’) soul was not left in Hades, nor did his flesh see corruption.” (Acts 2:25-31)

In the above verse, Peter equated David mentioning his soul would not be allowed to be left in Hades (Sheol) with Jesus’ soul not allowed to be left in Hades.

In the next verse, James (the brother of Jesus) quotes an end time prophecy in Amos 9:9-12 concerning David’s fallen “tent” being restored as a metaphor for the resurrection of Jesus’ “body” which implies David and Jesus were the same soul:

“The whole assembly became silent as they listened to Barnabas and Paul telling about the signs and wonders God had done among the Gentiles through them. When they finished, James spoke up. ‘Brothers,’ he said, ‘listen to me. Simon has described to us how God first intervened to choose a people for his name from the Gentiles. The words of the prophets are in agreement with this, as it is written: ‘After this I will return and rebuild David’s fallen tent. Its ruins I will rebuild, and I will restore it, that the rest of mankind may seek the Lord, even all the Gentiles who bear my name, says the Lord, who does these things’ — things known from long ago. It is my judgment, therefore, that we should not make it difficult for the Gentiles who are turning to God.” (Acts 15:12-19)

In the Bible, the word “tent” is used as a metaphor for the physical body, such as in the New Testament, by both the apostles Paul and Peter for example:

“For we know that if the earthly tent we live in is destroyed, we have a building from God, an eternal house in heaven, not built by human hands.” (2 Corinthians 5:1)

“So I will always remind you of these things, even though you know them and are firmly established in the truth you now have. I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body.” (2 Peter 1:12-13)

Categories
Past Lives of Jesus Reincarnation

Adam as a Past Life of Jesus Christ

Judaism, Christianity and Islam all accept the account of Adam and Eve as part of their religion. The Bible gave the distinct title of “Son of God” to only three personalities in the entire Bible: Adam, Melchizedek, and Jesus. So, it should not be surprising that these three personalities have a connection that goes well beyond coincidence. This connection is proof that these personalities were indeed the same soul appearing in different incarnations. This shows that the Bible is the story of the sojourn of the “Son of God” beginning with Paradise lost and ending with Paradise restored. The following information describes just the Adam-Jesus connection.

Table of Contents

  1. Identical Title: “Son of Man”
  2. Identical Title: “Son of God”
  3. Identical Birth Order: First Born
  4. Identical Rule: Ruler of God’s Creation
  5. Identical Parent: Father of the Human Race
  6. Identical Essence: Human-Divine Unity
  7. Identical Pattern: Image and Copy
  8. Identical Positions: “First and Last”
  9. Identical Immortality: Immortal from the Beginning
  10. Identical Origins: “Beginning and End”
  11. Identical Title: Logos
  12. Identical Nature: Image of God
  13. Identical Sacrificial Result: First and Last Sacrifice
  14. Identical Association: Tree of Life
  15. Identical in Near-Death Experiences: “Being of Light”
  16. Identical Karma: Required to Pay for Original Sin
  17. Identical Burial Place: Golgotha
  18. Edgar Cayce’s Revelation of Jesus
  19. Edgar Cayce’s Revelation of the Virgin Mary

1. Identical Title: Son of Man

The Hebrew word for “Adam” is “man”. The title “Son of Man” is a reference to Adam. The phrases “Son of Man” and “Son of Adam” are inter-changeable.

Jesus referred to himself using the phrase “Adam Kadmon” [Son of Man] to refer to the heavenly apocalyptic figure who is to come. Paul used the phrase “Adam Kadmon” as the archetypal man created in God’s image who was the first and perfect representative of humanity who would return at the end of time and restore all things.

God’s judgment upon Adam resulted in his reincarnation:

ADAM: “For dust you are and to dust you will return.” (Genesis 3:19)

Talmudists interpret this verse this way:

Because Adam sinned it was necessary for him to reincarnate to make good the evil committed in his first existence; so he comes as David, and later is to come as Messiah.

The Bible mentions David reincarnating hundreds of years later for the people:

DAVID: “Instead, they will serve the Lord their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them.” (Jeremiah 30:9)

In the traditions of the Talmudists, the soul of Adam reincarnated in David, and that on account of the sin of David against Uriah it will have to come again in the expected Messiah.

Out of the three letters ADM (the name of the first man) the Talmudists always made the names Adam, David and Messiah.

2. Identical Title: Son of God

Both Adam and Jesus are given the title of “Son of God”:

ADAM: “..the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.” (Luke 3:38)
JESUS: “I believe that you are the Christ, the son of God.” (John 11:27)

As previously mentioned, the Bible gives the distinct title of “Son of God” to only three personalities in the entire Bible: Adam, Melchizedek, and Jesus.

God declares the “sons of God” to be divine:

SONS of GOD: “I said, ‘You are gods; you are all sons of the Most High.'” (Psalm 82:6)

Jesus declares himself the “Son of God”:

SONS of GOD: “Jesus answered them, ‘Is it not written in your Law, ‘I have said you are gods?’ If he called them ‘gods,’ … what about the one whom the Father set apart as his very own and sent into the world? Why then do you accuse me of blasphemy because I said, ‘I am God’s Son?'” (John 10:30-36)

3. Identical Birth Order: First Born

Both Adam and Jesus are referred to as “the first born” of every creature:

ADAM: “The Lord God formed the man from the dust of the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living being.” (Genesis 2:7)
JESUS: “Who is the image of the invisible God, the first-born of every creature” (Colossians 1:15)

Adam (“ben elohim”) is translated as “Son of God” meaning Adam was the first born of God.

4. Identical Rule: Ruler of God’s Creation

Both Adam and Jesus are referred to as rulers of God’s creation:

ADAM: “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the Earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish of the sea and the birds of the air and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” (Genesis 1:28)
JESUS: “These are the words of the Amen, the faithful and true witness, the ruler of God’s creation.” (Revelation 3:14)

5. Identical Parent: Father of the Human Race

Adam is referred to as the “father” of the human race:

ADAM: “God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the Earth and subdue it.” (Genesis 1:28)
ADAM:Your first father sinned; your spokesmen rebelled against me.” (Isaiah 43:27)

Jesus and the Messiah are called “father”:

JESUS:I and the Father are one.” (John 10:30-33)
JESUS: “He will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

6. Identical Essence: Human-Divine Unity

The Bible states that divinity dwelt in both Adam and Jesus:

ADAM: “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness.” (Genesis 1:26)
JESUS: “[Jesus is] all the fullness of deity in bodily form.” (Colossians 2:9)

In the Bible verse below, Paul refers to Adam as “the first man” and Jesus as “the second man”:

FIRST and SECOND MAN: “The first man was of the dust of the Earth, the second man from heaven. As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the Earth; and as is the man from heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. And just as we have borne the likeness of the earthly man, so shall we bear the likeness of the man from heaven.” (1 Corinthians 15:47-49)

7. Identical Pattern: Image and Copy

Paul refers to Adam as a “pattern” of Jesus:

ADAM as a PATTERN of JESUS: “Nevertheless, death reigned from the time of Adam to the time of Moses, even over those who did not sin by breaking a command, as did Adam, who is a pattern of the one to come [Christ].” (Romans 5:14)

The Greek translation of the word “pattern” is “tupos” which is defined as: An impression made by a stamp, an exact image, an exact model, a copy, a type, an example. In context, the phrase “who is a pattern of the coming one” (“ejstin tuvpo tou’ mevllonto hos estin tupos tou mellontos”) refers to Adam as a copy of Christ.

8. Identical Positions: “First and Last”

In the Bible verse below, Paul refers to Jesus as the “last Adam”:

JESUS as LAST ADAM: “The first Adam became a living being; the last Adam [Jesus], a life-giving spirit.” (1 Corinthians 15:45)

Jesus reveals himself as “the First of God’s creation” (human-divine being) and “the Last of God’s creation” (human-divine being).

JESUS: “I am the First and the Last.” (Revelation 1:17)

The Son of God’s “first incarnation” was as Adam and the “last incarnation” of God’s Son was Jesus.

In the Book of Isaiah, God also expresses himself as the “First” and “Last”:

GOD: “I am the First and I am the Last.” (Isaiah 48:12)

9. Identical Immortality: Immortal from the Beginning

God created Adam as immortal, but the partaking of the knowledge of good and evil made him mortal:

ADAM: “You must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat of it you will surely die.” (Genesis 2:15-17)

John reveals that Jesus is immortal and was with God in the beginning:

JESUS: “He was with God in the beginning.” (John 1:1-2)

The prophet Isaiah also referred to the Messiah as both immortal and God:

MESSIAH: “And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace.” (Isaiah 9:6)

10. Identical Origins: “Beginning and End”

Both Adam and Jesus were at the beginning of creation:

ADAM: “But at the beginning of creation God ‘made them male and female.'” (Mark 10:6)
JESUS: “I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End.” (Revelation 21:6)

11. Identical Title: Logos

Adam is the “Logos”:

ADAM: The term “Bar Nasha” or “Son of Man” refers to the “divine human form,” the “Logos,” the eternal “image of God.” (Source: John Rossner, In Search of the Primordial Tradition and the Cosmic Christ, p.189)

Jesus is the “Logos”:

JESUS: “In the beginning was the Word (Logos), and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was with God in the beginning.” (John 1:1-2)

12. Identical Nature: Image of God

Adam and Jesus were the “image” of God:

ADAM: “Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, in our likeness.” (Genesis 1:26)
JESUS: “The god of this age has blinded the minds of unbelievers, so that they cannot see the light of the gospel that displays the glory of Christ, who is the image of God.” (2 Corinthians 4:4)

13. Identical Sacrificial Result: First and Last Sacrifice

The first sacrifice made was for physical needs:

ADAM: “The Lord God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.” (Genesis 3:21)

The last sacrifice was for spiritual needs:

JESUS:He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offered himself.” (Hebrews 7:27-28)

14. Identical Association: Tree of Life

In the beginning, Adam had the Tree of Life:

ADAM: “In the middle of the garden were the tree of life and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.” (Genesis 2:9)

Adam’s transgression banished humanity from the Tree of Life:

ADAM: “So the Lord God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. After he drove the man out, he placed on the east side of the Garden of Eden cherubim and a flaming sword flashing back and forth to guard the way to the tree of life.” (Genesis 3:22-24)

Jesus’ sacrifice for transgression restored humanity to the Tree of Life:

JESUS:To him who overcomes, I will give the right to eat from the tree of life, which is in the paradise of God.” (Revelation 2:7)
JESUS: “Then the angel showed me the river of the water of life, as clear as crystal, flowing from the throne of God and of the Lamb down the middle of the great street of the city. On each side of the river stood the tree of life, bearing twelve crops of fruit, yielding its fruit every month. And the leaves of the tree are for the healing of the nations. No longer will there be any curse. The throne of God and of the Lamb will be in the city, and his servants will serve him.” (Revelation 22:1-3)

15. Identical in Near-Death Experiences: “Being of Light”

In the Jewish Kabbalah, Adam appears to people after immediately after death:

ADAM: “So it is that when a man is about to depart from life, Adam, the first man, appears to him and asks him why and in what state he leaves the world. He says: ‘Woe to you that through you I have to die.’ To which Adam replies, ‘My son, I transgressed one commandment and was punished for so doing; see how many commandments of your Master, negative and positive, you have transgressed.'” (Jewish Kabbalistic book Zohar I, 57b)

During one particular Jewish woman’s NDE, Rene Turner, the Messiah appeared to her immediately after her death:

MESSIAH: “I became aware that I must be dead … I arrived in an explosion of glorious light into a room with insubstantial walls, standing before a man about in his thirties, about six feet tall, reddish brown shoulder length hair and an incredibly neat, short beard and mustache. He wore a simple white robe. Light seemed to emanate from him and I felt he had great age and wisdom. He welcomed me with great love, tranquility, and peace (indescribable) – no words. I felt, ‘I can sit at your feet forever and be content,’ which struck me as a strange thing to think/say/feel. I became fascinated by the fabric of his robe, trying to figure out how light could be woven!” – Rene Turner, a Jewish woman, who she met the Messiah during her death experience.

Jesus also appears to people during NDEs:

JESUS: “I felt a wonderful feeling wash over me – a sense of peace and power. I felt love and a sense of wonder as I realized that any question I could come up with would be answered. There was Jesus. I was stunned and said, ‘I don’t believe in you.’ He smiled and said the etheric equivalent of ‘Tough shit, here I am.’ Looking at his eyes, I asked, ‘You mean, you’ve been with me the whole time and I didn’t know?’ And his reply was, ‘Lo, I am with thee, always, even beyond the end of the world.'” – Jeanie Dicus, a Jewish woman, met Jesus during her near-death experience and Jesus asked her if she wanted to reincarnate.

16. Identical Karma: Required to Pay for Original Sin

The connection between Jesus and Adam is fundamental to Christian doctrine. Their connection is the foundation holding together the entire Christian system of election, redemption, atonement, justification, regeneration and sanctification. The idea of Jesus “paying the penalty” (or “karma“) for the transgressions of humanity makes no sense without this “hidden” connection to Adam and his “hidden” mission of bringing knowledge of good and evil to humanity. Without Adam being a previous incarnation as Jesus, the gospel message of Jesus paying for the sins of humanity appears to be an incredible injustice.

According to the Bible, Adam brought divine knowledge of good and evil into the world which resulted in both positive and negative consequences. Knowledge (i.e., gnosis) of both good and evil is a divine characteristic and a fundamental principle of early Christian Gnosticism. Jesus came to reverse the negative consequences of Adam’s transgression by paying his karmic debt. This becomes apparent when the Bible often draws parallels between Adam and Christ:

The obedience of Jesus reversed the disobedience of Adam:

ADAM and JESUS: “For just as through the disobedience of the one man (Adam) the many were made sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man (Jesus) the many will be made righteous.” (Romans 5:19)

These Bible verses describe the work of Adam being undone by the work of Jesus. This is an excellent example of how divine justice is meted out in the Bible and in Eastern religions. The only person who can satisfy divine justice by reversing the work of Adam would have to be Adam himself or an incarnation of Adam. And because Paul states in the Bible verse above that Jesus was the only man who could satisfy divine justice by paying the “karmic debt” of Adam, this implies that Adam was indeed a previous incarnation of Jesus.

After Satan caused Adam and Eve to sin, God passed judgment upon them. In doing so, God revealed a remarkable prophecy which is that humanity’s redemption will come through Eve – through the birth of a son:

SATAN and EVE: “Then the Lord God said to the woman, ‘What is this you have done?’ The woman said, ‘The serpent deceived me, and I ate.’ So the Lord God said to the serpent, ‘Because you have done this, ‘Cursed are you above all the livestock and all the wild animals! You will crawl on your belly and you will eat dust all the days of your life. And I will put hostility between you (Satan) and the woman (Eve), and between your (Satan’s) offspring and hers (Eve’s offspring); he (Eve’s offspring) will crush your (Satan’s) head, and you (Satan) will strike his (Eve’s offspring’s) heel.” (Genesis 3:13-15)

Notice how this Genesis verse refers to “Eve’s offspring” as “he” (singular, not plural) meaning Eve’s offspring will be a single man which suggests Eve’s offspring will be a descendant of hers. This Genesis 3:15 verse, where God pronounces judgment on Satan and Eve, is so remarkable I want to break it up into four parts to analyze it fully. It not only supports the idea of Adam as a previous incarnation as Jesus; but also Eve as a previous incarnation of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Let’s separate God’s judgment upon Satan and Eve from Genesis 3:13-15 giving only Genesis 3:15:

SATAN and EVE (paraphrased): “And I will put hostility between Satan and Eve, and between Satan’s offspring and Eve’s son; Eve’s son will crush Satan’s head, and Satan will strike Eve’s son’s heel.” (Genesis 3:15)

We can now break down Genesis 3:15 into these four parts:

(a) God will put hostility between Satan and Eve.
(b) God will put hostility between Satan’s offspring and Eve’s son.
(c) Eve’s son will crush Satan’s head.
(d) Satan will strike Eve’s son’s heel.

Let’s examine each part separately:

(a) God will put hostility between Satan and Eve:

Here is part (a) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy:

SATAN versus EVE: “And I will put enmity between you (the serpent, Satan) and the woman (Eve).” (Genesis 3:15)

Part (a) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy is fulfilled in the Book of Revelation below:

SATAN versus MARY: “When the dragon (Satan) saw that he had been hurled to the Earth, he pursued the woman (Jesus’ mother Mary) who had given birth to the male child (Jesus).” (Revelation 12:17)

These verses make sense only if Eve was a previous incarnation of Mary. The mother of Jesus was certainly persecuted by Satan when her son Jesus was killed. These verses imply that Mary was paying the “karmic debt” for Eve’s transgression in the Garden of Eden in the same way that Jesus paid the “karmic debt” for Adam.

(b) God will put hostility between Satan’s offspring and Eve’s son:

Here is part (b) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy:

SATAN’S OFFSPRING versus EVE’S SON: “…and between your (Satan) offspring and her’s (Eve’s son, the Messiah).” (Genesis 3:15)

Part (b) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy is fulfilled when Jesus, Mary’s son, referred to those who wanted to kill him as Satan’s “offspring”:

SATAN’S OFFSPRING versus MARY’S SON: “You belong to your father the devil, and you want to carry out your father’s desire. He was a murderer from the beginning, not holding to the truth, for there is no truth in him. When he lies, he speaks his native language, for he is a liar and the father of lies.” (John 8:44-45)

So part (b) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy reveals the hostility between the enemies of Jesus (Satan’s offspring) and Jesus (Mary’s son) which is even more suggestive of Eve being a previous incarnation of Mary.

As a side note, the Bible also teaches us how to recognize Satan’s “offspring” from God’s “offspring”:

“This is how we know who the children of God are and who the children of the devil are: Anyone who does not do what is right is not a child of God; nor is anyone who does not love his brother.” (1 John 3:10)

(c) Eve’s son will crush Satan’s head

Here is part (c) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy:

EVE’S SON verses SATAN: “…he (Eve’s son) will crush your (Satan’s) head…” (Genesis 3:15)

Part (c) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy is fulfilled when Jesus conquered Satan at the cross when he paid for Adam’s transgression.

MARY’S SON versus SATAN: “When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.” (John 19:30)

These verses suggest even more that Eve was a previous incarnation of Mary. Paul uses the same language when he writes how the “God of peace” will “crush Satan under the feet” of those who believe (Romans 16:20). This “God of peace” in Romans is a reference to the Messiah as written in Isaiah 9:6.

(d) Satan will strike Eve’s son’s heel

Here is part (d) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy:

SATAN versus EVE’S SON: “… and you (Satan) will strike his (Eve’s son’s) heel.” (Genesis 3:15)

Part (d) of the Genesis 3:15 prophecy is fulfiilled in the following verses:

SATAN versus MARY’S SON: “Then Satan entered Judas, called Iscariot, one of the Twelve. And Judas went to the chief priests and the officers of the temple guard and discussed with them how he might betray Jesus.” (Luke 22:3-4)
SATAN versus MARY’S SON: “Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). There they crucified him, and with him two others – one on each side and Jesus in the middle … Near the cross of Jesus stood his mother … When he had received the drink, Jesus said, “It is finished.” With that, he bowed his head and gave up his spirit.” (John 19:17-18; 19:25; 19:30)
SATAN versus MESSIAH: “They have pierced my hands and my feet.” (Psalm 22:16)

So making the appropriate substitutions when taking all the interpretations of parts (a) through (d), we can understand the Genesis 3:15 prophecy of God pronouncing judgment upon Satan and Eve this way:

SUMMARY: God has put hostility between (a) Satan and Eve, and between (b) Satan’s offspring and Eve’s son; (c) Eve’s son will crush Satan’s head, and (d) Satan will strike Eve’s son’s heel.

So now we can understand the “hidden” meaning behind Genesis 3:15 when God pronounces judgment upon Satan and Eve:

SUMMARY: God put hostility between Satan and Eve, and between the Satan’s children and Eve’s future son (the Messiah); the Messiah will crush Satan’s head [at the cross], but in doing so, Satan will strike the Messiah’s heel (Jesus’ crucifixion).

In summation, Genesis 3:15 is the first Messianic prophecy mentioned in the Bible and is a reference to an offspring of Eve who will be the Messiah and who will pay for the transgressions of Adam and Eve. What is interesting is how this verse refers to the Messiah as the “offspring of Eve.” While it is true every human being can be considered to be an “offspring of Eve,” this verse makes better sense when interpreted to mean an offspring born directly from Eve’s own womb. This means Eve would need to reincarnate to give birth to the Messiah. The woman who gave birth to Jesus was, of course, the Virgin Mary. Traditionally, the Catholic Church has believed that Mary was not only a virgin when she bore Jesus, but that she herself was born without sin. Thus, a mystical tradition has existed concerning Mary which lasts even to this day.

But what makes this “Eve-Virgin Mary connection” important is how it best explains – in a logical manner – the cosmic reasons for Jesus’ sacrifice and death and how it satisfied divine justice. The ancient concept of divine justice can be summed up beautifully in the Bible as “an eye for an eye.” This concept of divine justice was not limited to just the early Hebrews because it is a concept that is practically universal. The more ancient religions of the East referred to the concept of an eye for an eye as “karma.” It demands transgressors pay for their own transgressions. No one else can pay for your own transgressions but you. Thus, because it was Adam and Eve who transgressed, it would have to be Adam and Eve themselves who paid. God’s judgment upon them was that Eve would have to bear a son who would suffer as a consequence for their transgression. The only real and logical way this could be done would be through reincarnation. Eve would have to reincarnate to bear a son – the reincarnation of Adam. His tremendous suffering at the cross – and the suffering it would cause herself – would satisfy divine justice and pay for the transgression committed in Eden.

When we consider the orthodox view that Jesus and Mary were not the reincarnations of Adam and Eve, it makes much less sense when we talk about the so-called substitutionary sacrificial nature of Christ’s death. The big question is this: How can divine justice be satisfied when an innocent person suffers and pays for the transgressions of someone else? Without reincarnation, it makes complete nonsense. It only makes sense if the innocent person was a reincarnation of the guilty person paying for their transgressions.

17. Identical Burial Place: Golgotha

According to the Catholic Encyclopedia, there was a Jewish tradition that the skull of Adam was stored at Golgotha where Jesus was crucified:

“There was a tradition current among the Jews that the skull of Adam, after having been confided by Noah to his son Shem, and by the latter to Melchizedek, was finally deposited at the place called, for that reason, Golgotha. The Talmudists and the Fathers of the Church were aware of this tradition, and it survives in the skulls and bones placed at the foot of the crucifix. The Evangelists are not opposed to it, inasmuch as they speak of one and not of many skulls. (Luke, Mark, John, loc. cit.) Calvary is 140 feet south-east of the Holy Sepulcher and 13 feet above it. The early traditions mentioned at the beginning of this article still cling to it. The chapel of Adam beneath that of Calvary stands for the first. A picture in it represents the raising of Adam to life by the Precious Blood trickling down upon his skull. An altar is there dedicated to Melchizedek.” (Catholic Encyclopedia)

The following Bible verse describes Jesus’ crucifixion at Golgotha:

“Carrying his own cross, he went out to the place of the Skull (which in Aramaic is called Golgotha). There they crucified him, and with him two others – one on each side and Jesus in the middle.” (John 19:17-18)

18. Edgar Cayce’s Revelation of Jesus

When Cayce was in one of his many psychic trances, a question was put to him about Jesus as follows:

QUESTION: “When did the knowledge come to Jesus that he was to be the Savior of the world?”
CAYCE’S ANSWER: “When he fell in Eden.” [Cayce Reading 2067-7]

According to Edgar Cayce, the incarnations of the Christ-soul were as follows. Amilius the ruler of the lost civilization of Atlantis; Adam the first “son of God” and “son of man”; Enoch the patriarch who journeyed to heaven to receive mysteries; Hermes the sage and architect of the Great Pyramid; Melchizedek the mystical High Priest and and ancient King of Jerusalem; Joseph the son of Jacob who became the Prince of Egypt; Joshua the leader of the Israelites into the Promised Land; Asaph the music director and seer who served under David and Solomon; Jeshua the scribe of Moses who helped write the Torah; Zend the father of Zoroaster who founded the Zoroastrianism religion; and finally Jesus the Christ who overcame death and will return again to establish the Kingdom of Heaven on Earth [See Cayce Reading 364-7]. According to Cayce, the entire Christian Bible is the story of the Christ-soul’s long struggle to attain Christhood – the perfect unity of the human with the divine.

The belief in many incarnations of Jesus is not a new belief. The early Christian group known as the Ebionites taught that the Holy Spirit had first incarnated as Adam and later reincarnated as Jesus. Other Jewish Christian groups such as the Elkasaites and Nazarenes also held this belief. The Samaritans believed that Adam had reincarnated as Seth, then Noah, Abraham, and even Moses. The Clementine Homilies, an early Christian document, also taught many incarnations of Jesus.

What is interesting about Cayce identifying Adam as a previous incarnation of Jesus, is how the Jewish Kabbalistic book called the Zohar describes Adam appearing to people after their death. Assuming the concept held by many early Christians of Adam as a previous incarnation of Jesus, the Zohar agrees with the multitude of near-death accounts where people are met by Jesus after their death.

Cayce affirmed how the Christ-soul, by possessing the body of Adam, ultimately became the first human being who attained the unity of the human with the divine in the person named Jesus. It should also be noted that sin did not begin with Adam according to Cayce, but had its origins in spiritual realms before even the creation of the Earth. We can therefore assume this was Adam’s redemptive intent all along – to be savior of the world. Christ is thus seen as the last Adam, the “one man” who by his obedience undoes the results of the disobedience of the first (Romans 5:12-21). Jesus recapitulated the stages of Adam’s fall, but in reverse order and quality. It is understandable how shocking this statement of Cayce’s is to most fundamental Christians, how it makes Jesus appear to be the author of sin at the human level. However, Cayce in no way states that Jesus as the Christ was guilty of any sin of any kind. At that stage of his personal and cosmic development his obedience was flawless, his relationship with God perfect. In Cayce’s words:

“… the perfect relationship to the Creative Forces or God, the Father – which the human Jesus attained when he gave of himself to the world, that through him, by and in him, each entity might come to know the true relationship with the Father.” (Edgar Cayce)

Cayce also affirmed Jesus would reincarnate again at the so-called “Second Coming.”

Cayce unlocked the mystery of Adam and Eve and why there are two separate and contradictory creation accounts described in Genesis 1:25-27 (the first creation account) and Genesis 2:18-22 (the second creation account.) The first creation account describes how the man and woman were created at the same time in God’s image and after the creation of the animals. The second creation account describes how man was created first, then the animals, and then the woman from “Adam’s rib.”

Cayce associated the first creation account of Genesis 1:25-27 with the creation of Amilius – the first Christ-soul – and the first expression of Divine Mind (the logos) BEFORE his first incarnation into a physical body identified as Adam. Cayce revealed how the first creation account involved a first wave of souls leaving heaven and inhabiting Earth. This event is described in the Bible as the time when the “Sons of God” mated with the “daughters of men” (Genesis 6:1-4) producing the “Nephilim.” This entanglement of the Sons of God with the flesh of ape-like bodies occurred through the accidental misuse of their free will. Cayce identified this entanglement of souls with flesh as the Biblical account of the “fall of the angels” as described symbolically in Revelation 12 and in the Book of Enoch – a book considered to be part of the Hebrew canon and which Jesus’ brother, Jude, quoted from in the Epistle of Jude in the New Testament. Enoch, according to Cayce, was also an incarnation of the Christ-soul whose trip to heaven describes in detail the fall of the angels.

Cayce associated the second creation account with a second wave of souls incarnating to Earth as “sons of God” led by Amilius who voluntarily became entrapped in flesh as Adam in order to assist the first wave of entrapped souls. Cayce identified this second wave of souls with the creation account of Adam and Eve where Amilius altered the process of physical evolution in order to create more appropriate physical bodies for them rather than the ape-like forms they possessed and became entangled with. This process is described symbolically in Genesis 2:21 where the woman was formed from “Adam’s rib.” Adam was the first “son of man” and “Son of God” having the Christ-soul incarnated into physical form. Cayce also uses the name “Adam” to refer to the entire group of souls who Amilius aided into incarnating as the five races on five separate continents [Cayce Reading 900-227].

Cayce identified Amilius to be the ruler of the lost continent of Atlantis whose wife was named “Lilith” – another non-physical soul-entity. Cayce identified Lilith as being the first physical incarnation of Eve. Interestingly enough, there exists a ancient legend associated with a spirit-entity named Lilith apart from the Cayce readings.

19. Edgar Cayce’s Revelation of the Virgin Mary

According to Cayce, not only was Jesus and Adam the same soul in different incarnations, but the Virgin Mary and Eve were also the same soul in different incarnations. Cayce also revealed that Adam and Eve (and therefore Jesus and Mary) were “twin souls“. When Cayce used this term in the readings, he was not referring to “soulmates” which is a different concept. Basically, a soulmate is a soul – or a group of souls – who have shared so many lifetimes that they resonate to the same pitch or vibration, so to speak. Soulmates understand each other like no one else can. This acquired understanding gives soulmates the ability to help each other in ways that would be difficult without the deep bonding that has occurred through the multitude of incarnations together.

Twin souls, on the other hand, are two souls who share a common purpose or higher ideal. They do not necessarily have to be married or have had previous marriage incarnations. While the “soulmate” relationship is largely built in the physical realm, the “twin soul” relationship evolves more from a commonality in the spirit realms – at the idea or ideal level. It is in this sense that the Adam/Eve and Jesus/Mary relationship is considered by Cayce to be a “twin soul” relationship.

The Cayce readings state that Mary, Joseph, and Jesus were affiliated with an Essene community based near Mount Carmel. It was a continuation of the “school of the prophets” begun by Elijah, Elisha, Samuel, and ultimately Melchizedek. Although the Essenes are not mentioned in the Bible, what Cayce’s generation would have known about them came only from the writings of Josephus, Philo, and Pliny the Elder. Because the Dead Sea Scrolls were not discovered until 1947, Cayce could not have been influenced by them because he died in 1945. But much of what Cayce revealed about the Essenes was later verified by the Dead Sea Scrolls.

According to the Cayce material, the Essenes were a religious community consisting of both Jews and Gentiles, men and women, whose purpose was to prepare for the coming of the Messiah. The word “Essene,” according to Cayce, means “expectancy.” Josephus wrote that the Essenes were known for fortune-telling. Cayce described them spending their time recording experiences of “the supernatural or out of the ordinary experiences; whether in dreams, visions, voices, or what not” (Cayce Reading 1472-1). Cayce revealed the Essenes as students of astrology, numerology, and reincarnation.

The Dead Sea Scrolls describe the Essenes as an authoritarian, highly regimented community which controlled every aspect of its members’ lives. The Manual of Discipline specifies that members were to turn over all money and property to the community after a year’s probation. Qumran was located at about a four-hour walk from Jericho, most likely from a desire to be separated from the world. Their theology stressed a good versus evil dualism. Their writings describe a conflict between a “Teacher of Righteousness” and the “Wicked Priest” which some scholars believe refers to the struggle among early Christians between James and Paul. The Essenes anticipated a final war between the “sons of light” and the “sons of darkness.” The scholars agree that there are many interesting similarities between Jesus and the Qumran community. Other similarities can be found in the life and ministry of John the Baptist.

Cayce revealed that, due to her great virtue, Mary was chosen by the Essenes at around the age of thirteen for intensive spiritual training in preparation for the conception of the Messiah. Mary’s election as mother of the Messiah occurred during a special ceremony in the temple at Mount Carmel, in which an angel lead her by the hand to the altar. Remarkably, this agrees with early Christian writings discovered in Egypt after Cayce’s death:

In the Infancy Gospel of James, Mary is presented to the Lord at the age of three when her father Joachim “set her on the third step of the altar, and the Lord God gave grace to her … and she received food from the hand of an angel.” Cayce and the Infancy Gospel of James agree that Joseph was chosen to be Mary’s husband by lot. They also agree that Joseph was much older than Mary. Cayce revealed their ages at the time of their marriage as thirty-six and sixteen, respectively. Meanwhile, the Infancy Gospel of James states that Joseph was a widower, and although different versions disagree as to Mary’s age, the most common figure is sixteen. Cayce and the Infancy Gospel of James agree that Jesus was born in a cave. Cayce also revealed that the Essenes admitted women which agrees with the writings of Josephus.

More about the Cayce revelations concerning the Essenes can be found at the Edgar Cayce website.

Categories
History Reincarnation

Reincarnation In Judaism

From time to time in Jewish history, there was an insistent belief that their prophets were reborn. Evidence of this can be found in the Hebrew scriptures, the Dead Sea Scrolls, early Christian and Jewish Gnostic writings, the New Testament, and the writings of ancient historians. At the time of Jesus, there were many competing ideas concerning death and what happens afterward. Greek and Neo-Platonic concepts of reincarnation, Persian resurrection, ancient Hebrew ideas of “Sheol“, beliefs in no afterlife at all, and religions and philosophies from other sources, all existed among the Jews in those days.

The origin of resurrection in Jewish and Christian doctrine began with the Babylonian exile, a period when the Jews in Israel were conquered and taken captive to Babylon. Later, in 539 B.C., Babylon itself was conquered by the Persians who installed a Zoroastrian theocracy throughout the defeated Babylonian empire. It was then that the Zoroastrian religion and its doctrine of resurrection began exerting a tremendous influence on Judaism. Christianity, in turn, inherited the concept of resurrection from Judaism. In fact, it was the Zoroastrian religion that was the source of resurrection, the belief in angels (including that of Satan), the afterlife, rewards and punishments, the soul’s immortality, and the Last Judgment.

Before the influence of Zoroastrianism on Judaism, the Jews believed in “Sheol,” a pit beneath the Earth where people went after death. As time went on, many Jews greatly resisted the imposition of Zoroastrianism masquerading as Judaism. Whatever the Persian governors and priests were doing in Jerusalem in the name of Judaism, caused a great schism. A sect of purists, called the Sadducees, which was made up of over 97% of the population, rose up. They rejected all Persian concepts such as resurrection, angels, or spirits. The Sadducees did not emphasize life after death at all according to the New Testament (Matthew 22:23).

The first-century Jewish historian Flavius Josephus wrote that the Pharisees, the Jewish sect that founded Rabbinic Judaism to which Paul once belonged, believed in reincarnation. He writes that the Pharisees believed the souls of evil men are punished after death. The souls of good men are “removed into other bodies” and they will “have power to revive and live again.” Josephus records that the Essenes of the Dead Sea Scrolls lived “the same kind of life” as the followers of Pythagoras, the Greek philosopher who taught reincarnation. According to Josephus, the Essenes believed that the soul is both immortal and pre-existent, necessary for tenets for belief in reincarnation.

Because Israel was located at a strategic crossroad where several continents come together, Jews in those days were exposed to many religions and philosophies. Some Jews were Gnostics of the Platonic tradition and were believers in “transmigration,” a form of reincarnation held by the Greeks. Other Jews held to the Persian concept of resurrection. Jewish ideas included the concept that people could live again without knowing exactly the manners by which this could happen. Today, believers in traditional Judaism firmly believed that death was not the end of human existence. However, because Judaism is primarily focused on life here and now rather than on the afterlife, Judaism does not have much dogma about the afterlife, and leaves a great deal of room for personal opinion. Today, it is possible, for example, for an Orthodox Jew to believe the “resurrection” refers to a time when souls of the righteous dead go to a place similar to the Christian heaven. It is also possible for an Orthodox Jew today to believe the “resurrection” refers to the reincarnation of a soul through many lifetimes.

In the Talmud, “gilgul neshamot” (i.e., reincarnation) is constantly mentioned. The term literally means “the judgment of the revolutions of the souls.” Rabbi Manasseh ben Israel (1604-1657), one of the most revered Rabbis in Israel, states in his book entitled Nishmat Hayyim:

“The belief or the doctrine of the transmigration of souls is a firm and infallible dogma accepted by the whole assemblage of our church with one accord, so that there is none to be found who would dare to deny it… Indeed, there is a great number of sages in Israel who hold firm to this doctrine so that they made it a dogma, a fundamental point of our religion. We are therefore in duty bound to obey and to accept this dogma with acclamation… as the truth of it has been incontestably demonstrated by the Zohar, and all books of the Kabalists.” (Nishmat Hayyim)

Reincarnation has been a belief for thousands of years for orthodox Jews. The Zohar is a book of great authority among Kabbalistic Jews. It states the following:

“All souls are subject to revolutions. Men do not know the way they have been judged in all time.” (Zohar II, 199b)

That is, in their “revolutions” they lose all memory of the actions that led to their being judged.

Another Kabbalistic book, the Kether Malkuth states:

“If she, the soul, be pure, then she shall obtain favor … but if she has been defiled, then she shall wander for a time in pain and despair… until the days of her purification.” (Kether Malkuth)

How can the soul be defiled before birth? Where does the soul wander if not on this or some other world until the days of her purification? The rabbis explained this verse to mean that the defiled soul wanders down from paradise through many births until the soul regained its purity.

When the Dead Sea Scrolls were discovered in 1947, it was considered the greatest archeological discovery ever found. It revealed never before known information about the Jewish sects at the beginning of the transformation of a small sect of Jews that later developed into Christianity. Two years earlier, in 1945, early Christian Gnostic writings were discovered which also provided important details about the early sects of Christianity. Together, the Dead Sea Scrolls and the Gnostic discoveries yielded more information in particular concerning Jewish and early Christian mystic belief and practice of divine union (i.e., attaining a perfect human-divine unity). In fact, the Dead Sea Scrolls prove that the Jewish mystical tradition of divine union went back to the first, perhaps even the third, century B.C.E. Jewish mysticism has its origins in Greek mysticism, a system of belief which included reincarnation. Among the Dead Sea Scrolls, some of the hymns found are similar to the Hekhaloth hymns of the Jewish mystics. One text of hymns gives us clear evidence of Jewish mysticism. The text is called “Songs of the Sabbath Sacrifice.” Fragments of 1 Enoch, which is considered the oldest text of Jewish mysticism, were also found with the Scrolls. Since evidence shows Jewish mysticism existed in the third century B.C.E., as Enoch indicates, then it would certainly have existed in first-century Israel. As stated earlier, the ideas of divine union and reincarnation can both be found in early Christianity. One may easily conclude it was the key to the very heart of Jesus’ message.

One particular Dead Sea Scroll entitled “I IQ Melchizedek Text” which contains a sermon called “The Last Jubilee“, mentions reincarnation. This scroll is about the “last days” during which time it says, a “Melchizedek redivivus” (revived, reincarnate) will appear and destroy Belial (Satan) and lead the children of God to eternal forgiveness. Below are parts of this message from this scroll, parts of which are unreadable. The unreadable parts will be denoted by this (…) symbol. Here is it’s message:

“When, therefore, the scriptures speaks of a day of atonement … What is meant, … is that … by a day on which all the children of Light and all who have cast their lot with the cause of righteousness will achieve forgiveness of their sins, whereas the wicked will reap their desserts and be brought to an end. There is a further reference to this final judgment in the continuation of the verse from the Psalter . . . the allusion is to Belial and the spirits of his ilk — that is to … defy God’s statutes in order to perfect justice … King … Melchizedek … will execute upon them God’s avenging judgment, and … deliver the just from the hands of Belial and all those spirits of his ilk. With all the angels of righteousness at his aid, he will blast the council of Belial to destruction … the eminence in question being the destination of all who are indeed children of God … It will be from Belial … that men will turn away in rebellion, and there will be a reestablishment of the reign of righteousness, perversity being confounded by the judgments of God. This is what scripture implies in the words, ‘Who says to Zion, your God has not claimed his Kingdom!’ The term Zion there denoting the total congregation of the ‘sons of righteousness’ that is, those who maintain the covenant and turn away from the popular trend, and your God signifying the King of Righteousness, alias Melchizedek Redivivus, who will destroy Belial. Our text speaks also of sounding a loud trumpet blast throughout the land on the tenth day of the seventh month. As applied to the last days, this refers to the fanfare which will then be sounded before the Messianic King.” (The Last Jubilee)

As was mentioned earlier, Melchizedek was the High Priest described in the Bible who sounds remarkably like an incarnation of Jesus. It was also mentioned how some early Christians believed Melchizedek to be an early incarnation of Jesus. If the above message of the Dead Sea Scrolls can be believed, then the passage is very likely referring to the coming of a Messiah who will be a reincarnation of Melchizedek.

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Judaism Religion

Virginia Rivers’ Near-Death Experience

In 1986, Virginia Rivers had a near-death experience that was brought on by a near-fatal bout with pneumonia. At that time, she was extremely weak with a high fever, felt intense pressure in her ears, and had difficulty breathing. She remembers crying out inwardly, “Please, where is everybody? I must be dying.” At that point, she lost consciousness, and her journey to the center of the universe and to the Source of All began. Her NDE comes from Dr. Kenneth Ring‘s excellent book, Lesson From The Light, which, in my opinion, is the best book on the NDE to date. What follows is Virginia’s NDE testimony.


There was total peace; I was surrounded on all sides by a black void. I was no longer frightened. I was comfortable and content to be where I was. No fear … no pain … just peace and comfort and amazingly undaunted curiosity. Immediately the blackness began to erupt into a myriad of stars and I felt as if I were at the center of the universe with a complete panoramic view in all directions.

The next instant I began to feel a forward surge of movement. The stars seemed to fly past me so rapidly that they formed a tunnel around me. I began to sense awareness, knowledge. The farther forward I was propelled the more knowledge I received. My mind felt like a sponge, growing and expanding in size with each addition. The knowledge came in single words and in whole idea blocks. I just seemed to be able to understand everything as it was being soaked up or absorbed. I could feel my mind expanding and absorbing and each new piece of information somehow seemed to belong. It was as if I had known already but forgotten or mislaid it, as if it were waiting here for me to pick it up on my way by. I kept growing with knowledge, evolving, expanding and thirsting for more. It was amazing, like being a child again and experiencing something brand new and beautiful, a wonderful new playground. As each second passed, there was more to learn, answers to questions, meanings and definitions, philosophies and reasons, histories, mysteries, and so much more, all pouring into my mind. I remember thinking:

“I knew that, I know I did. Where has it all been?”

The stars began to change shapes before my eyes. They began to dance and deliberately draw themselves into intricate designs and colors which I had never seen before. They moved and swayed to a kind of rhythm or music with a quality and beauty I had never heard and yet … remembered. A melody that humans could not possibly have composed, yet was so totally familiar and in complete harmony with the very core of my being. As if it were the rhythm of my existence, the reason for my being. The extravagance of imagery and coloration pulsed in splendid unison with the magnificent ensemble.

I felt completely at peace, tranquilized by the vision and the melodic drone. I could have stayed in this place for eternity with this pulse of love and beauty beating throughout my soul. The love poured into me from all corners of the universe. I was still being propelled forward at what seemed great speed. Yet I was able to observe all that I passed as if I were standing still. Each passing second I was absorbing more and more knowledge. No one spoke to me, nor did I hear voices in my head. The knowledge just seemed to “BE” and with each new awareness came a familiarity. A tiny pin point of light appeared far in front of me at the other end of my kaleidoscopic tunnel. The light grew larger and larger as I was soaring closer and closer to it, until finally I had arrived at my destination.

At once there was total and absolute awareness. There was not a question I could ask for which I did not already have the answer. I looked over to the presence I knew would be there and thought, “God, it was so simple, why didn’t I know that?” I could not see God as I can see you. Yet I knew it was him. A light, a beauty emitting from within, infinitely in all directions to touch every atom of being. The harmony of coloration, design and melody originated here with the light. It was God, his love, his light, his very essence, the force of creation emanating to the ends of all eternity … reaching out as a pulsing beacon of love to bring me “home.”

There was a time of exchange, in one moment or one eon, complete and absolute knowing and approval of me and what I had become. In that instant or millennium, I knew he had seen my entire life and he loved me still. Pure unadulterated, unselfish, ever-flowing, unconditional love. God had seen my life and still loved me endlessly, eternally for myself, for my existence. He never spoke to me in words that I could hear with my ears, yet I heard his thoughts as clearly as words. The quality of his word, his thought, his voice in my head, was magnificent, enchanting, compelling without demand, gentle and kind and filled with more love than is possible to describe. To be in his presence was more inspiring, more inviting, than any kind of love or harmony ever discovered in this reality. No experience, no closeness has ever been so complete.

I was on what appeared to be a ledge of a huge mountain. The front side where we stood was flattened, possibly like a half butte. I stood, floated, maybe hovered by his side and I vaguely remember an altar built of golden shining light in front of me and slightly to the right. I was not aware or unaware of having a body. I was there and that was the most important thing I could imagine. He told me many things of which I have little or no recollection. I only remember that we spoke, or rather, he inspired and I learned. It seemed then that the exchange lasted for hours or eons and now it seems that eons passed in only moments. I remember only two things from that exchange. First, God told me there were only two things that we could bring back with us when we died … LOVE and KNOWLEDGE … So I was to learn as much about both as possible. Second, God told me that I had to return, I could not stay, there was something I had yet to accomplish. I remember knowing at that moment what it was. I have no recollection now.

I remember pain. Great emotional sorrow, not physical pain. I think my soul cried. I begged not to leave. I plead. I told him how no one would miss me. My children would be better off without me. My mother and father and brother would take better care of them than I. My heart ached as if it were physically crushed. Again he told me there was something I must accomplish and his love began to soothe my tears and sorrow. I understood and he knew from the bottom of my soul that I wanted to be with him as soon as I did what was to be done.

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Judaism Religion

Dr. Rene Turner’s Near-Death Experience

Dr. Rene Turner was involved in a horrible car accident that left her with severe damage to her head. While she was severely injured, she had a remarkable near-death experience. As a result of her accident and NDE, she founded the Head Injury Society of New Zealand to help others with severe head injuries. Her NDE is featured in Kevin Williams’ book, Nothing Better Than Death.

In February 1982, in Newcastle, Australia, Rene Turner left her optical instrument repair firm to go home. She was driving along the highway and slowed to stop at lights where a road crosses the highway. Here, her memory ends. Reports her partner who was riding with her:

“As we approached the lights, they changed to green. As we went into the crossing, the car aquaplaned and hit a large power pole just after the intersection. Stuart, who was laying on the mattress in the back of the panel van, was thrown forward into the back of Rene’s head, driving her into the steering wheel.”

At the hospital, the professor of neurosurgery reported Rene’s death to her parents and said they should be grateful as she would have been a vegetable had she survived. During this conversation, a young frightened nurse came rushing into the office and blurted out, “She is alive! She sat up and spoke!”

The professor chastised her for interrupting them and lectured her about how “dead bodies” can move and make noises.

But the nurse was emphatic, “She sat up and said, ‘Don’t give me any more drugs!'”

At this point, Rene’s mother took the professor by one elbow, Rene’s father by his and marched them down the corridor to see for themselves. They found Rene in a back corridor where she had apparently been placed so the nurse could remove equipment prior to her transfer to the morgue. She was found in a deep coma and breathing – remaining that way for a further ten days.

The following is Rene Turner’s NDE in her own words:


I don’t know when in the above events my experience took place. I have no memory of the process of dying or leaving my body. I was moving head first through a dark maelstrom of what looked like black boiling clouds, feeling that I was being beckoned to the sides, which frightened me. Ahead was a tiny dot of bright light which steadily grew and brightened as I drew nearer. I became aware that I must be dead and was concerned for Mum and Dad and my sister, and somewhat upset with myself as I thought, “They will soon get over it,” like it was, in passing, just a fleeting thought as I rushed greedily forward towards this light.

I arrived in an explosion of glorious light into a room with insubstantial walls, standing before a man about in his thirties, about six feet tall, reddish brown shoulder length hair and an incredibly neat, short beard and mustache. He wore a simple white robe. Light seemed to emanate from him and I felt he had great age and wisdom. He welcomed me with great love, tranquility, and peace (indescribable) – no words. I felt, “I can sit at your feet forever and be content,” which struck me as a strange thing to think/say/feel. I became fascinated by the fabric of his robe, trying to figure out how light could be woven!

He stood beside me and directed me to look to my left, where I was replaying my life’s less complementary moments. I relived those moments and felt not only what I had done but also the hurt I had caused. Some of the things I would have never imagined could have caused pain. I was surprised that some things I may have worried about, like shoplifting a chocolate as a child, were not there, whilst casual remarks which caused hurt unknown to me at the time were counted. When I became burdened with guilt, I was directed to other events which gave joy to others, although I felt unworthy. It seemed the balance was in my favor. I received great love.

I was led further into the room, which became a hall. There coming towards me was my grandfather. He looked younger than I remembered and was without his hare lip or cleft pallet, but undoubtedly my grandfather. We hugged. He spoke to me and welcomed me. I was moved to forgive him for dying when I was 14 and making me break my promise to become a doctor and find a cure for his heart condition. Until that moment, I had not realized I had been angry at him!

Granddad told me that grandma was coming soon and he was looking forward to her arrival. I inquired why she was coming soon as she had been traveling from her home in Manchester to New Zealand to Miami for continual summer for a number of years! Granddad told me she had cancer of the bowel and was coming soon. Granddad seemed to have no grasp of time when I pressed for how soon.

[Grandma was diagnosed three months later and died in August. I had upset my mother by telling her about it when I regained consciousness.]

After Granddad and I had talked a while, he took me further into the room which became a hall again. We approached a group of people whom I started to recognize.

The Person who first welcomed me came and placed his hand on my shoulder and turned me towards him.

He said, “You must return. You have a task to perform.”

I wanted to argue. I wanted to stay. I glanced back at Granddad and was propelled quickly towards the entrance. At the threshold, all became blackness, nothing, no awareness.

I awoke from my coma slowly, over several days, half dreamed memories of familiar voices and glimpses of faces. The clearest moments were several occasions where I would awake from deep sleep to find a nurse with a syringe and refuse any drugs. I had no idea why! I had three lots of surgery to repair my face, skull, eye socket. I left the hospital with pain, double vision, anosmia, and damage to the eighth cranial nerve. It left me with nausea and a disturbed balance. I was for two years angry at G-d for sending me back in such torment with a task to do with no clues or instructions – only one thing: a clear message I have no idea how to pass on, which is:

“It is time to live according to your beliefs, whatever they may be – to put your house in order – for the end times are upon us!”

This can’t be my task. There was no booming voice or any way I knew the message got there. I am also unsure of the identity of the gatekeeper – no name tag – no introduction!

It took me five years as a zombie before I was able to rehabilitate myself. I have gainful employment, formed the Head Injury Society of New Zealand in 1987, and am paraded as the example of how well it is possible to recover from acquired brain damage. I still don’t know my task – still have pain, anosmia, diplopia, etc.

The memory of the NDE is more real than what I did yesterday. Salom… Rene Turner

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Judaism Religion

An Orthodox Jew’s Near-Death Experience

An evening for Orthodox Jewish women was arranged locally on the virtues of modesty for the Jewish woman. The main speaker was a woman who said that she had had an NDE 15 years ago. The following is basically the story that she presented.

Table of Contents

  1. E. L.’s Near-Death Experience
  2. Kevin Williams’ Analysis of E. L.’s NDE
  1. E. L.’s Near-Death Experience

A week before the NDE, her brother had a dream in which their grandmother, who had died years before, said that the woman, E.L., was going to have a tragedy befall her. E.L., on hearing this alarming news, proceeded to do intense soul searching in an attempt to discover the reason that she was to be summoned to the “World of Truth”. She decided that there were certain matters pertaining to modesty that she needed to correct and started working on fixing the matter. (Modesty for the Jewish woman is considered to be one of the highest virtues and many stringencies are observed in this area.)

On Friday afternoon, a short while before the beginning of the Sabbath, E.L. began to feel unwell. She tried to get a hold of a doctor unsuccessfully. She didn’t feel like going to the emergency room, but stayed home even though she felt that this was her last day on Earth. Her twin sister came to help her with the children which she fed, bathed and dressed in pajamas. E.L.’s husband only came home on Friday night after the Sabbath prayers in the synagogue. She told him that she wasn’t feeling well and to please put the children to bed, which he did. They then proceeded with the traditional Sabbath rituals which include making a blessing over wine to sanctify the Sabbath and washing hands for the bread.

E.L. said that she felt that the Angel of Death was present in the room, but couldn’t touch her because of the holiness that permeated the room. Nevertheless, she told her husband that she wanted to lie down in her room. As she walked to her room, she suddenly fainted and lost consciousness. Her husband picked her up and put her on the bed at which point he became aware that she was breathing her last breaths.

E.L. then described that she felt the Angel of Death drag her soul out of her and that she was surrounded by black tormenting angels who began to beat her mercilessly. She was brought to a point where she was greeted by her grandmother and other many righteous people who were associated with her while they were alive. She said that she was aware of the Divine Presence crying over her because she was being beaten so badly. She heard unbearable screams of another soul who had been sentenced to Gehinom (hell) for a breach in modesty.

E.L. begged that she should be allowed to return to this world as she had small children to raise for the service of God. She said that the merit of all the righteous people who were standing there should be enough to allow her to return. She was told it was good that she had all of these righteous people on her side, but it wasn’t enough and only if she had a righteous person in this world who would beseech on her behalf would she be given merit. She mentioned the name of a righteous Hassidic Rebbe with whom she was associated.

The Rebbe at that moment was surrounded by his followers as is usual on Friday nights. His soul, however, made an appearance in the spiritual world in order to benefit E.L. She was told that there were 3 conditions for her to return. One was to continue in the repentance process she had begun. Two, she was to write a letter of thanks to the Rebbe telling him that his merit is what saved her. The third one, she wouldn’t tell us about.

She then returned to her body and woke up covered with black wounds and pain from which she suffered two months and she says she is weak to this day.

2. Kevin Williams’ Analysis of E. L.’s NDE

This NDE is interesting in that the woman sees the soul of a living person (her Rabbi). This is not an unusual aspect to NDEs and there are similar documented cases of NDErs seeing living people in the spirit realm. One of the best cases I know of that deals with this phenomenon is the NDE of Dr. Dianne Morrissey. During her NDE, she sees all three of her bodies (physical, soul and spirit bodies). While out of her body, she spends a great deal of time around her dead body and even saw that her soul body is attached to her physical body by a silver cord. Later on in her NDE, she saw her spirit body laying on a “heavenly bed”. At that moment, she wondered how she could be three places at the same time.

NDEs such as Morrissey’s show how a living person has a physical body that operates in the physical dimension, a soul (astral) body operating in the soul (astral) dimension, and a spirit body operating in the spirit dimension. This phenomenon explains how NDErs can see living people during their NDE. They are actually in contact with the soul of the living person.

Another example can be found in the NDE of Lynnclaire Dennis. Here is an excerpt that describes her experience:

“With my eyes closed, as if in a vision within a vision, I saw my mother. I could not understand why she was there. As far as I knew, my mom was very much alive. Wasn’t this “the other side”? I knew I was no longer alive and felt that I was in a space between the worlds… ” (Lynnclaire Dennis)

There are other examples of NDEs that involve seeing living people on the other side. But, the more common examples of this kind of phenomenon can be found in dreams where living people meet other living people in the dream (soul and spirit) world.

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Judaism Religion

The Mystical Vision of Kabbalah

Kabbalah (literally “receiving” in Hebrew) is an esoteric method, discipline and school of thought. Its definition varied according to the tradition from its religious origin as an integral part of Judaism, to its later Christian, New Age, and occult adaptions. Kabbalah is a set of esoteric teachings meant to explain the relationship between the unchanging, mysterious eternal God and the finite universe of God’s creation. Kabbalah seeks to define (1) the nature of the universe and the human being, (2) the nature and purpose of existence, and (3) various other ontological questions. Kabbalah presents methods to aid understanding of these concepts and to thereby attain spiritual realization.

Table of Contents

  1. A Brief Introduction to Kabbalah
  2. An Overview of the Kabbalah
  3. The History of Jewish Mysticism
  4. Hasidic Judaism
  5. The Concealed and Revealed God
  6. Sephirot and the Divine Feminine of Shekhinah
  7. The Ten Sefirot as the Process of Creation
  8. Descending Spiritual Worlds
  9. The History of Reincarnation in Judiasm
  10. Important Kabbalah Links

1. A Brief Introduction to Kabbalah

Kabbalah originally developed entirely within the realm of Jewish thought and kabbalists often use classical Jewish sources to explain and demonstrate its esoteric teachings. These teachings are thus held by followers in Judaism to define the inner meaning of both the Hebrew Bible and traditional Rabbinic literature, their formerly concealed transmitted dimension, as well as to explain the significance of Jewish religious observances.

Traditional practitioners believe its earliest origins pre-date world religions, forming the primordial blueprint for Creation’s philosophies, religions, sciences, arts and political systems. Historically, Kabbalah emerged, after earlier forms of Jewish mysticism, in 12th- to 13th-century Southern France and Spain, becoming reinterpreted in the Jewish mystical renaissance of 16th-century Ottoman Palestine. It was popularized in the form of Hasidic Judaism from the 18th century onwards. 20th-century interest in Kabbalah has inspired cross-denominational Jewish renewal and contributed to wider non-Jewish contemporary spirituality, as well as engaging its flourishing emergence and historical re-emphasis through newly established academic investigation.

2. An Overview of the Kabbalah

Kabbalah is considered by its adherants as a necessary part of the study of Torah and as an inherent duty of observant Jews to follow. Kabbalah teaches doctrines which are accepted by some Jews as the true meaning of Judaism while other Jews have rejected these doctrines as heretical and antithetical to Judaism.

After Biblical Hebrew prophecy, the first documented schools of mysticism in Judaism are found in the 1st and 2nd centuries as described in the earliest book on Jewish mysticism called the Sefer Yetzirah. Their method for mystical experiences is known as “Merkabah mysticism” (i.e., contemplation of the Ezekiel‘s divine “chariot”) which lasted until the 10th century, where it was incorporated into the medieval emergence of the Kabbalah in Europe during the 12th and 13th centuries. Its teachings as embodied in the Zohar (a foundational text for kabbalistic thought) and became the foundation of later Jewish mysticism. Modern academic study of Jewish mysticism refers to the term “Kabbalah” as being the particular doctrines which emerged fully expressed in the Middle Ages, as distinct from the earlier Merkabah mystical concepts and methods. The “ecstatic tradition” of Jewish meditation strives to achieve a mystical union with God.

3. The History of Jewish Mysticism

According to the traditional understanding, Kabbalah dates to the days of Adam and Eve. It came down from a remote past as a revelation to elect righteous people and was preserved only by a privileged few. Talmudic Judaism records its view of the proper method for teaching Kabbalah wisdom. Ezekiel and Isaiah had prophetic visions of an angelic chariot and divine throne which later Kabbalah writings incorporated into to the Four Worlds. According to Kabbalists, the Kabbalah’s origin began with secrets which God revealed to Adam. According to the rabbinic Midrash, God created the universe through the Ten Sefirot. When read by later generations of Kabbalists, the Torah’s description of the creation in the Book of Genesis reveals mysteries about the godhead itself, the true nature of Adam and Eve, the Garden of Eden, the Tree of Knowledge of Good and Evil and the Tree of Life, as well as the interaction of these supernal entities with the Serpent which leads to disaster when they eat the forbidden fruit, as recorded in Genesis 3. The Bible provides ample room for mystical interpretations: the prophet Ezekiel’s visions, Isaiah’s vision of the Temple in Isaiah (Chapter 6), Jacob’s vision of the ladder to heaven and Moses’ encounters with the Burning bush and God on Mount Sinai are evidence of mystical events in the Tanakh that form the origin of Jewish mystical beliefs.

Talmudic doctrine forbade the public teaching of esoteric doctrines and warned of their dangers. In the Mishnah (Hagigah 2:1), rabbis were warned to teach the mystical creation doctrines only to one student at a time. To highlight the danger, one Jewish legend called “The Four Who Entered Paradise” describes the outcome of four prominent rabbis of the Mishnaic period (1st century A.D.) who had visions of paradise: one rabbi looked and died, another rabbi looked and went insane, another rabbi destroyed his plants, and the last rabbi found peace and was fit to handle the study of mystical doctrines.

The mystical doctrines of Hekhalot (heavenly “chambers”) and Merkabah texts lasted from the 1st century B.C, through to the 10th century A.D. before giving way to the emergence of the Kabbalah. Initiates were said to “descend the chariot” – a possibly reference to meditating on the heavenly journey through the spiritual realms. Their goal was to arrive before the transcendent awe of God rather than entering into the divinity. From the 8th through the 11th centuries, Sefer Yetzirah and Hekhalot texts made their way into European Jewish circles. The Kabbalah’s medieval beginnings originated from mystical circles in 12th century France and 13th century Spain. Also in the 13th century a classic Rabbinic figure named Nachmanides helped Kabbalah gain mainstream acceptance through his Torah commentary. There were also certain elder sages of mystical Judaism who are known to have been experts in Kabbalah. One of them was Isaac the Blind (1160-1235) who is widely argued to have written the first work of classic Kabbalah, the Sefer Bahir, which laid the groundwork for the creation of the Sefer Zohar, written by Moses de Leon and his mystical circle at the end of the 13th century. One of the best known experts in Kabbalah was Nachmanides (1194-1270), a student of Isaac the Blind, and whose Torah commentary is considered to be based on the Kabbalah. Another expert was Bahya ben Asher (died 1340) who also combined Torah commentary and Kabbalah.

The Zohar was the first popular work of Kabbalah and the most influential. From the 13th century onward, Kabbalah began to be widely disseminated and branched out as extensive literature. In the 19th century, the historian Heinrich Graetz argued the emergence of Jewish esotericism at this time coincided with the rising influence of the philosophy of Maimonides. Scholars have argued that the impact of Maimonides can be seen in the change from orality to writing in the 13th century when Kabbalists began writing down many of their oral traditions in part as a response to the attempt of Maimonides to explain older esoteric subjects philosophically. However, many Orthodox Jews reject this idea of Kabbalah undergoing significant historical change. After the Zohar was published for public consumption in the 13th century, the term “Kabbalah” began to refer more specifically to teachings related to the Zohar. At an even later time, the term “Kabbalah” began to generally be applied to Zoharic teachings as elaborated upon by Rabbi Isaac Luria (1534-1572 A.D.). Historians generally date the start of Kabbalah as a major influence in Jewish thought and practice with the publication of the Zohar and climaxing with the spread of the Luria’s teachings. Luria’s disciples, Rabbi Hayim Vital and Rabbi Israel Sarug, both published Luria’s teachings which gained widespread popularity. Luria’s teachings came to rival the influence of the Zohar itself. Along with Moses de Leon, Rabbi Luria stands as the most influential mystic in Jewish history. In the 20th century, Yehuda Ashlag (1885-1954) of Palestine, was a leading esoteric kabbalist in the traditional mode, who translated the Zohar into Hebrew with a new approach in Lurianic kabbalah.

4. Hasidic Judaism

Rabbi Israel ben Eliezer Baal Shem Tov (1698–1760) was the founder of Hasidism whose teachings were based on Lurianic kabbalah. The ecstatic fervour of early Hasidism developed from historical influences of Jewish mysticism, but sought a communal revival by centering Judaism around the central principle of “devekut” (i.e., mystically cleaving to God). For the first time, this new approach transformed kabbalistic theories for the elite into a popular social and mystical movement complete with its own doctrines, texts, teachings and customs. Rabbi Baal Shem Tov developed schools of Hasidic Judaism, each with different approaches and thought. Hasidism instituted a new concept of leadership in Jewish mysticism, where the elite scholars of mystical texts now took on a social role as embodiments and intercessors of divinity for the masses. With the 19th century consolidation of the movement, leadership became dynastic.

5. The Concealed and Revealed God

The nature of divinity prompted kabbalists to envision two aspects of God: (1) God in essence is absolutely transcendent, unknowable, limitless divine simplicity, and (2) God in manifestation – the revealed persona of God through which He creates and sustains and relates to humanity. Kabbalists believe these two aspects are not contradictory but complement one another. They are emanations revealing the concealed mystery from within the Godhead. The structure of these emanations of God have been characterized in various ways: Sefirot (Divine attributes) and Partzufim (Divine “faces”), Ohr (spiritual light and flow), Names of God and the supernal Torah, Olamot (Spiritual Worlds), a Divine Tree and Archetypal Man, Angelic Chariot and Palaces, male and female, enclothed layers of reality, inwardly holy vitality and external Kelipot shells, 613 channels (“limbs” of the King) and the Divine souls in man. Kabbalists see all aspects as unified through their absolute dependence on their source in the Infinte/Endless.

6. Sephirot and the Divine Feminine of Shekhinah

The Sefirot of Kabbalah

The Zohar elaborates upon the Sephirot – the ten emanations of God sustaining the universe – from its concealment from humanity to its revelation. These emanations are described as one light being poured into ten vessels. These Sephirot emanations are described metaphorically as manifestating in the form of the “Tree of Life and Knowledge” and its corresponding form: humanity as exemplified as Adam Kadmon. This metaphor allows humans to understand the Sephirot as corresponding to their soul’s psychological faculties and corresponding to the masculine and feminine aspects of God. As Genesis 1:27 states, “So God created mankind in His own image, in the image of God He created them; male and female He created them.” Corresponding to the last “sefirah” in Creation is the indwelling “shekhinah” (Feminine Divine Presence). The downward flow of divine Light in Creation forms the supernal Four Worlds: (1) Atziluth, (2) Beri’ah, (3) Yetzirah and (4) Assiah. The acts of human beings unite or divide the manifestation of these heavenly masculine and feminine aspects of the Sephirot. But once these manifestations become harmonized, God’s creation is complete. As the spiritual foundation of all Creation, the Sephirot corresponds to the Names of God in Judaism and the particular nature of any being.

7. The Ten Sefirot as the Process of Creation

According to Kabbalah cosmology, the Sefirot corresponds to various levels of creation. The ten Sefirot exists “fractally” within each of the Four Worlds. There are four worlds existing within each of the larger Four Worlds, each containing ten Sefirot which themselves and each containing ten Sefirot, to an infinite number of levels. The Sefirot are considered revelations of the Creator’s will and they should not be understood as ten different “gods” but as ten different ways the one God reveals his will through these levels. So it is not God who changes; it is our perception of God which changes.

Altogether, eleven Sefirot are named. However Keter and Da’at are unconscious and conscious dimensions of one principle; thereby conserving ten forces. The names of the Sefirot in descending order are:

  1. Keter – the supernal crown representing above-conscious will
  2. Chochmah – the highest potential of thought
  3. Binah – the understanding of the potential
  4. Da’at – the intellect of knowledge
  5. Chesed – sometimes referred to as Gedolah-greatness and loving-kindness
  6. Gevurah – sometimes referred to as Din-justice or Pachad-fear (severity/strength)
  7. Rachamim also known as Tiferet (mercy)
  8. Netzach – victory/eternity
  9. Hod – glory/splendor
  10. Yesod – foundation
  11. Malkuth – kingdom

8. Descending Spiritual Worlds

Medieval Kabbalists believed all things are linked to God through these emanations; thereby, making all levels in creation part of one great, gradually descending chain of being. Through these levels any lower creation reflects its particular characteristics in Supernal Divinity. Hasidic thought extends the Divine immanence of Kabbalah by believing God is the only thing that really exists – defined philosophically as monistic panentheism. Among problems considered in the Hebrew Kabbalah is the universal religious issue of the nature and origin of evil. In the views of some Kabbalists this conceives “evil” as a “quality of God,” asserting that negativity enters into the essence of the Absolute. In this view it is conceived that the Absolute needs evil to exist.

The Kabbalah describes the human soul as having three elements: (1) The nephesh: the lower “animal” part of the soul which is linked to instincts and bodily cravings. The nefesh is found in all humans, entering the physical body at birth. It is the source of one’s physical and psychological nature. (2) The ruach: the middle soul (or the “spirit”) which contains the moral virtues and the ability to distinguish between good and evil. (3) The neshama: the higher soul or super-soul which separates man from all other life-forms. The neshamah is related to the intellect and allows humans to enjoy and benefit from the afterlife. It allows one to have some awareness of the existence and presence of God. The (2) ruach and (3) the neshama are not implanted at birth, but can be developed over time. Their development depends on the actions and beliefs of the individual and are said to only fully exist in people awakened spiritually. The Zohar also describes fourth and fifth parts of the human soul – the chayyah and the yehidah. The chayyah is the part of the soul which allows one to have an awareness of the divine life force. The yehidah is the highest plane of the soul where one can achieve the fullest union with God as is possible. The chayyah and the yehidah do not enter into the body like the other three which is why they receive less attention than in other sections of the Zohar.

The Kabbalistic concept of reincarnation is called gilgul – a Hebrew word meaning “cycle.” Souls are seen to “cycle” through “lives” or “incarnations” becoming attached to different human bodies over time. Which body they associate with depends on their particular task in the physical world, spiritual levels of the bodies of predecessors and so on. Gilgul relates to a broader historical process in Kabbalah involving Cosmic Tikkun (Messianic rectification) and the historical dynamic of ascending Lights and descending Vessels from generation to generation. The esoteric explanations of gilgul were articulated in Jewish mysticism by Rabbi Isaac Luria in the 16th century, as part of the metaphysical purpose of Creation.

9. The History of Reincarnation in Judaism

The notion of reincarnation, while held as a mystical belief by some, is not an essential tenet of traditional Judaism. The books of Kabbalah and Jewish mysticism both teach gilgul – a universal tenet in Hasidic Judaism which regards the Kabbalah as sacred and authoritative. Rabbis who believed in reincarnation include: (1) the mystical leaders Nahmanides (the Ramban) and Rabbenu Bahya ben Asher; (2) Levi ibn Habib (the Ralbah) from the 16th-century, and from the mystical school of Safed Shelomoh Alkabez, (3) Isaac Luria (the Ari) and his exponent (4) Hayyim Vital; and (5) the founder of Hasidism Yisrael Baal Shem Tov of the 18th-century, later (6) Hasidic Masters, and (7) the Lithuanian Jewish Orthodox leader and Kabbalist the Vilna Gaon. Rabbbi Isaac Luria taught new explanations of the process of gilgul and identified the reincarnations of historic Jewish figures. The idea of gilgul became popular in Jewish folklore and is found in much Yiddish literature among Ashkenazi Jews.

The main Kabbalistic text dealing with gilgul is called Shaar HaGilgulim or “The Gate of Reincarnations” which is based on the work of Rabbi Isaac Luria. It describes the deep, complex laws of reincarnation which includes the concept of gilgul being paralleled physically through pregnancy. The Kabbalistic view of gilgul is similar to the Eastern view of reincarnation in that they are an expression of divine compassion. Gilgul differs from Eastern views in that gilgul is not automatic and is neither a punishment of sin nor a reward of virtue. Gilgul is concerned with the process of the soul’s individual Tikkun (rectification). Each Jewish soul is reincarnated enough times only in order to fulfill each of the 613 Mitzvot. The souls of righteous non-Jews may be assisted through gilgulim by fulfilling the Seven Laws of Noah. Gilgul is a divine agreement for the individual soul to reincarnate to perform good works toward the goal of becoming perfected. Gilgul is also tied to the Kabbalah’s doctrine of creation where a cosmic catastrophe occurred called the “shattering of the vessels” of the Sephirot in the “world of Tohu (chaos)”. The vessels of the Sephirot broke and fell down through the spiritual Worlds until they were embeded in our physical realm as “sparks of holiness” (Nitzotzot). All Mitzvot involve performing good works because they elevate each particular Spark of holiness associated with its related commandment. Once all the Sparks are redeemed to their spiritual source, the Messianic Era begins. This theology gives cosmic significance to every human being as each person has particular tasks which only they can fulfill. Each soul is assisted through gilgul toward the Cosmic plan of bringing about Utopia on Earth – a lower World where the purpose of creation is fulfilled.

10. Important Kabbalah Links

Kabbalah on Wikipedia – (wikipedia.org)
Category:Kabbalah on Wikipedia – (wikipedia.org)
List of Jewish Kabbalists – (wikipedia.org)
Primary Texts of the Kabbalah – (wikipedia.org)
Practical Kabbalah – (wikipedia.org)
Christian Kabbalah – (wikipedia.org)
Hermetic Qabalah – (wikipedia.org)
Cabala article at Jewish Encyclopedia – (jewishencyclopedia.com)
What is Kabbalah? – (chabad.org)
The Official Site of the Kabbalah Centre – (kabbalah.com)
The Official Site of Bnei Baruch – (kabbalah.info)
An Orthodox Kabbalah Reference Portal – (kabbalaonline.org)